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Commentary - Art. 86. Part III : Captivity #Section VI : Relations between prisoners of war and the authorities #Chapter III : Penal and disciplinary sanctions #I. General provisions
    ARTICLE 86. -- "NON BIS IN IDEM"


    This is merely a repetition of Article 52, paragraph 3 , of the 1929 Convention.
    It embodies a well-known legal principle and its inclusion was approved "unanimously without comment" in order to prevent any recurrence of certain abuses committed during the Second World War in penal matters (1).


    * (1) [(1) p.427] See ' Final Record of the Diplomatic
    Conference of Geneva of 1949, ' Vol. II-A, pp. 326 and
    501. During the discussion in the Sub-Committee on penal
    and disciplinary sanctions, the addition of the following
    paragraph was proposed:
    "The punishment inflicted at the first trial shall
    not be increased as the result of an appeal or a similar
    procedure."
    This proposal was not adopted. See ' Final Record, '
    Vol. II-A, p. 501; Vol. III, p. 79;