ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION
RESERVATION / DECLARATION
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 08.08.1910
18.10.1907 05.01.1914
  10.05.1917
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
  05.08.1935
  02.04.1973
  10.04.1922
18.10.1907 07.10.1910
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 15.03.1911
18.10.1907 02.02.1910
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 13.12.1911
  04.02.1914
18.10.1907 05.09.1912
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
  16.12.1909
18.10.1907 19.09.1910
18.10.1907 11.09.1911
  02.06.1935
18.10.1907 13.04.1911
18.10.1907 01.03.1912
  10.03.1978
18.10.1907 18.03.1913
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 12.05.1910
18.10.1907 12.03.1910
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
18.10.1907 27.11.1909
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).