ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION
RESERVATION / DECLARATION
  22.10.1985
  19.12.1991
  25.10.1988
  20.03.1987
  15.05.2002
31.05.1978 07.09.1984
  17.01.1990
  03.10.1979
18.05.1977 07.06.1988
18.05.1977 12.07.1982
10.06.1977 30.06.1986
09.11.1977 12.10.1984
18.05.1977 31.05.1978
  03.10.1979
  18.04.2011
18.05.1977 11.06.1981
  26.04.1994
  08.06.2005
  07.02.1996
23.09.1977 10.04.1978
07.10.1977 12.04.1978
  22.02.1993
  08.11.1984
18.05.1977 19.04.1978
  09.11.1992
  01.04.1982
  14.04.2011
18.05.1977 12.05.1978
18.05.1977 24.05.1983
21.03.1978 22.06.1978
  23.08.1983
  21.03.1988
  16.08.2010
18.05.1977 19.04.1978
15.12.1977 15.12.1978
18.05.1977 16.12.1982
18.05.1977 27.11.1981
  09.06.1982
  25.04.2005
  02.01.1980
13.04.1978 05.10.1978
  16.04.2002
  05.10.1978
  09.12.1992
18.05.1977 19.05.1978
18.05.1977 15.04.1983
  07.09.1984
11.08.1977 06.09.2007
  17.02.1993
18.05.1977 15.02.1979
  27.02.1986
  13.05.2003
  28.10.1980
18.05.1977 08.06.1978
  02.12.1986
18.05.1977 06.05.1983
18.05.1977 30.05.1978
  27.05.1993
  27.04.1999
  05.10.1979
  28.05.1993
  20.04.2005
  19.06.1981
18.05.1977 19.07.1978
08.06.1977 25.04.1978
  27.04.1984
  05.08.1988
  12.10.1999
11.05.1978 11.05.1978
18.05.1977 13.06.1978
18.05.1977 16.05.1978
18.05.1977 17.01.1980
  16.09.1993
  26.05.1993
  26.08.1980
18.05.1977 20.07.1977
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).