ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION
RESERVATION / DECLARATION
21.07.1978 11.01.2008
16.07.1978 03.05.1982
05.03.1984 21.09.1984
19.07.1978 08.06.1987
26.02.2004 16.04.2004
  09.09.1988
20.03.1979 13.07.1979
31.03.1978 21.06.1978
  19.02.2003
  16.06.1982
  12.06.2007
24.12.2003 09.07.2009
08.06.1978 21.08.1978
10.02.1978 22.05.2003
  21.01.1983
19.07.1985 09.06.1982
  11.05.2005
17.03.2004 15.11.2005
  25.09.1978
08.11.1979 16.09.1980
10.02.1978 24.06.1986
13.03.1978 01.06.1979
08.02.1978 08.01.1982
  15.10.1979
13.11.1978 26.08.1978
16.07.1978 05.05.1987
19.07.1985 04.06.1984
30.05.1979 22.03.1985
14.04.1982 15.02.1983
  14.02.1992
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).