ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION
RESERVATION / DECLARATION
  04.12.1997
  10.07.1992
13.12.1990 28.05.1997
  31.05.2002
21.12.1990 26.01.1996
  20.09.2001
  27.03.2000
  09.02.2007
  08.07.1993
  08.06.1995
  18.07.2003
  01.04.2008
05.02.1990 21.08.1995
  16.09.2005
  22.09.2000
17.07.1990 11.09.1991
  12.04.2002
  09.02.1998
  22.09.2004
  23.03.2007
  26.03.1999
  28.02.2006
  14.04.1997
  09.06.1999
  12.03.1990
27.02.1990 10.08.1990
  23.10.2008
  25.02.1991
  18.09.1996
21.09.1990 13.09.1993
20.11.1990 14.07.1999
  19.01.1998
  12.11.2013
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).