ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
SIGNATORY STATES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION
RESERVATION / DECLARATION
27.09.2010  
09.05.2002  
16.09.2005  
21.12.2000  
24.09.2003  
08.09.2000  
15.08.2002  
21.09.2010  
11.02.2002  
22.09.2004  
08.05.2002  
08.09.2000  
26.09.2001  
24.09.2009  
16.09.2005  
10.05.2002  
29.09.2008  
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).