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Beginning and end of application
    Article 3 -- Beginning and end of application

    Without prejudice to the provisions which are applicable at all times:

    (a) the Conventions and this Protocol shall apply from the beginning of any situation referred to in Article 1 of this Protocol;

    (b) the application of the Conventions and of this Protocol shall cease, in the territory of Parties to the conflict, on the general close of military operations and, in the case of occupied territories, on the termination of the occupation, except, in either circumstance, for those persons whose final release, repatriation or re-establishment takes place thereafter. These persons shall continue to benefit from the relevant provisions of the Conventions and of this Protocol until their final release, repatriation or re-establishment.


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