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ASSISTANCE AND PROTECTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS
    ARTICLE X

    ASSISTANCE AND PROTECTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS

    1. For the purposes of this Article, "Assistance" means the coordination and
    delivery to States Parties of protection against chemical weapons, including,
    inter alia, the following: detection equipment and alarm systems; protective
    equipment; decontamination equipment and decontaminants; medical antidotes and
    treatments; and advice on any of these protective measures.

    2. Nothing in this Convention shall be interpreted as impeding the right of
    any State Party to conduct research into, develop, produce, acquire, transfer
    or use means of protection against chemical weapons, for purposes not
    prohibited under this Convention.

    3. Each State Party undertakes to facilitate, and shall have the right to
    participate in, the fullest possible exchange of equipment, material and
    scientific and technological information concerning means of protection
    against chemical weapons.

    4. For the purposes of increasing the transparency of national programmes
    related to protective purposes, each State Party shall provide annually to the
    Technical Secretariat information on its programme, in accordance with
    procedures to be considered and approved by the Conference pursuant to Article
    VIII, paragraph 21 (i).

    5. The Technical Secretariat shall establish, not later than 180 days after
    entry into force of this Convention and maintain, for the use of any
    requesting State Party, a data bank containing freely available information
    concerning various means of protection against chemical weapons as well as
    such information as may be provided by States Parties.

    The Technical Secretariat shall also, within the resources available to it,
    and at the request of a State Party, provide expert advice and assist the
    State Party in identifying how its programmes for the development and
    improvement of a protective capacity against chemical weapons could be
    implemented.

    6. Nothing in this Convention shall be interpreted as impeding the right of
    States Parties to request and provide assistance bilaterally and to conclude
    individual agreements with other States Parties concerning the emergency
    procurement of assistance.
    7. Each State Party undertakes to provide assistance through the Organization
    and to this end to elect to take one or more of the following measures:

    (a) To contribute to the voluntary fund for assistance to be established by
    the Conference at its first session;

    (b) To conclude, if possible not later than 180 days after this Convention
    enters into force for it, agreements with the Organization concerning the
    procurement, upon demand, of assistance;

    (c) To declare, not later than 180 days after this Convention enters into
    force for it, the kind of assistance it might provide in response to an appeal
    by the Organization. If, however, a State Party subsequently is unable to
    provide the assistance envisaged in its declaration, it is still under the
    obligation to provide assistance in accordance with this paragraph.

    8. Each State Party has the right to request and, subject to the procedures
    set forth in paragraphs 9, 10 and 11, to receive assistance and protection
    against the use or threat of use of chemical weapons if it considers that:

    (a) Chemical weapons have been used against it;

    (b) Riot control agents have been used against it as a method of warfare; or

    (c) It is threatened by actions or activities of any State that are
    prohibited for States Parties by Article I.

    9. The request, substantiated by relevant information, shall be submitted to
    the Director-General, who shall transmit it immediately to the Executive
    Council and to all States Parties. The Director-General shall immediately
    forward the request to States Parties which have volunteered, in accordance
    with paragraphs 7 (b) and (c), to dispatch emergency assistance in case of use
    of chemical weapons or use of riot control agents as a method of warfare, or
    humanitarian assistance in case of serious threat of use of chemical weapons
    or serious threat of use of riot control agents as a method of warfare to the
    State Party concerned not later than 12 hours after receipt of the request.
    The Director-General shall initiate, not later than 24 hours after receipt of
    the request, an investigation in order to provide foundation for further
    action. He shall complete the investigation within 72 hours and forward a
    report to the Executive Council. If additional time is required for completion
    of the investigation, an interim report shall be submitted within the same
    time-frame. The additional time required for investigation shall not exceed 72
    hours. It may, however, be further extended by similar periods. Reports at the
    end of each additional period shall be submitted to the Executive Council. The
    investigation shall, as appropriate and in conformity with the request and the
    information accompanying the request, establish relevant facts related to the
    request as well as the type and scope of supplementary assistance and
    protection needed.

    10. The Executive Council shall meet not later than 24 hours after receiving
    an investigation report to consider the situation and shall take a decision by
    simple majority within the following 24 hours on whether to instruct the
    Technical Secretariat to provide supplementary assistance. The Technical
    Secretariat shall immediately transmit to all States Parties and relevant
    international organizations the investigation report and the decision taken by
    the Executive Council. When so decided by the Executive Council, the
    Director-General shall provide assistance immediately. For this purpose, the
    Director-General may cooperate with the requesting State Party, other States
    Parties and relevant international organizations. The States Parties shall
    make the fullest possible efforts to provide assistance.

    11. If the information available from the ongoing investigation or other
    reliable sources would give sufficient proof that there are victims of use of
    chemical weapons and immediate action is indispensable, the Director-General
    shall notify all States Parties and shall take emergency measures of
    assistance, using the resources the Conference has placed at his disposal for
    such contingencies. The Director-General shall keep the Executive Council
    informed of actions undertaken pursuant to this paragraph.


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