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MEASURES TO REDRESS A SITUATION AND TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE, INCLUDING SANCTIONS
    ARTICLE XII

    MEASURES TO REDRESS A SITUATION
    AND TO ENSURE COMPLIANCE, INCLUDING SANCTIONS

    1. The Conference shall take the necessary measures, as set forth in
    paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, to ensure compliance with this Convention and to
    redress and remedy any situation which contravenes the provisions of this
    Convention. In considering action pursuant to this paragraph, the Conference
    shall take into account all information and recommendations on the issues
    submitted by the Executive Council.

    2. In cases where a State Party has been requested by the Executive Council to
    take measures to redress a situation raising problems with regard to its
    compliance, and where the State Party fails to fulfil the request within the
    specified time, the Conference may, inter alia, upon the recommendation of the
    Executive Council, restrict or suspend the State Party's rights and privileges
    under this Convention until it undertakes the necessary action to conform with
    its obligations under this Convention.

    3. In cases where serious damage to the object and purpose of this Convention
    may result from activities prohibited under this Convention, in particular by
    Article I, the Conference may recommend collective measures to States Parties
    in conformity with international law.

    4. The Conference shall, in cases of particular gravity, bring the issue,
    including relevant information and conclusions, to the attention of the United
    Nations General Assembly and the United Nations Security Council.


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