30-09-2005 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 859, by Christopher B. Harland, Angela Woodward
An Act to implement obligations under the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and the 1925 Geneva Protocol
This year marks the 80th anniversary of the 1925 Geneva Protocol and the 30th anniversary of the entry into force in 1975 of the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention. These instruments are relatively widely accepted: 133 States are party to the Protocol and 155 to the Convention. It was thus felt opportune to draft the following model legislation, not only in light of the anniversaries but also in view of the fact that domestic implementation of the Convention has been relatively weak, and in response to a growing number of requests to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) by States Parties for assistance in fulfilling their obligations. Convention.