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Human rights obligations of non-state actors in conflict situations

30-09-2006 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 863, by Andrew Clapham

The author addresses the international obligations of belligerents, national liberation movements and insurgent entities, looks at the growing demands that such armed groups respect human rights norms and considers some of the options for holding private military companies accountable with regard to human rights abuses.

   

Andrew Clapham
is Professor of International Law at the Graduate Institute of International Studies, Geneva and Director-designate of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. 

 
Abstract 
The threat to human rights posed by non-state actors is of increasing concern. The author addresses the international obligations of belligerents, national liberation movements and insurgent entities, looks at the growing demands that such armed groups respect human rights norms and considers some of the options for holding private military companies accountable with regard to human rights abuses. The argument developed throughout this article is that all sorts of non-state actors are increasingly expected to comply with principles of international human rights law.  

   
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