The International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent – challenges, key issues and achievements
31-12-2009 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 876, by François Bugnion
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Since the constituent Conference in October 1863, which gave birth to the Red Cross, the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent has met on thirty occasions. What contribution has the Conference made to the development of international humanitarian law and humanitarian action? What are the main challenges that the Conference has had to face? Where has it succeeded and where has it failed?
François Bugnion, Doctor of Political Science, is an independent consultant in humanitarian law and humanitarian action. From January 2000 to June 2006 he was Director for International Law and Cooperation at the International Committee of the Red Cross.