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Democratic Republic of the Congo: facts and figures, July to September 2012

16-11-2012 Facts and Figures

Protection of the civilian population in areas affected by armed violence

The ICRC, which has a presence in different parts of the country, is in direct contact with the groups affected by the military operations and the presence of weapon bearers. It tries to prevent attacks on lives and dignity, and to ensure respect for international humanitarian law, through a dialogue with all the parties involved in the conflicts and through confidential intervention.

Visits to detainees

The ICRC endeavours to promote humane treatment for detainees and detention conditions that comply with Congolese legislation and international standards.

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • visited almost 11,900 detainees during 83 visits to 45 places of detention, monitoring 700 of the detainees individually and giving them the opportunity to keep in touch with their loved ones thanks to Red Cross messages;
  • supplied food daily every month to some 3,500 detainees in seven prisons and detention camps. Over 300 detainees suffering from severe malnutrition benefited from therapeutic nutritional assistance, while vegetables grown in the prison gardens improved their diet;
  • provided medicines and medical equipment to 16 prison dispensaries;
  • improved the sanitation systems in the prisons of Kipushi, Kisangani and Mbanza Ngungu;
  • renovated cells in Matadi prison and the infirmary and several sanitary blocks in Uvira prison.

Restoring family links

The large-scale displacement of groups of people as a result of the armed conflict and the violence have led to many separations in families. Children have lost contact with their relatives, sometimes beyond the borders of the DRC. In cooperation with the Congolese Red Cross the ICRC is continuing its efforts to enable separated family members to meet again or to keep in contact with one another.

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • reunited 176 children separated from their families, including 45 former child soldiers, with their families in the DRC. The ICRC also repatriated six children and reunited them with their loved ones in neighbouring countries;
  • monitored the cases of some fifty children who had already been reunited with their relatives to ensure that they had settled well into their families and their communities;
  • collected around 8,800 Red Cross messages and distributed 8,000 in the DRC, including almost 700 for the benefit of children separated from their families ;

By the end of September, 770 children (163 of them former child soldiers) waiting to be reunited with their families had been placed either in transit centres or with host families

Economic security

The ICRC helps provide the means of subsistence for families affected by the armed conflict and the violence.

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • in cooperation with the Congolese Red Cross (CRDRC), helped over 60,000 individuals (displaced people returning after they had been displaced, or vulnerable residents) by providing them with basic necessities and distributed food to over 48,000 people;
  • distributed seed, cuttings and tools to some 40,000 people and helped 2,000 people to rehabilitate fishponds;
  • began two "cash for work” projects in consultation with the communities: mending the road between Ango and Dakwa and the landing strip at Dakwa in the Eastern Province. A project to mend the Erengeti landing strip in North Kivu is also underway. Over 650 households have taken part in this work;
  • supported Bukavu’s agricultural studies and research institute;
  • together with the CRDRC, launched two production projects: maize production in Rutshuru and rabbit breeding in Mugunga I temporary camp, near Goma.

Medical assistance

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • paid the cost of surgery for 217 people who had been shot;
  • evacuated 70 war wounded;
  • provided medicines and equipment for medical facilities including the military health centre at Uvira and the Remeka health centre;
  • worked with three hospitals and over a dozen health centres in the Kivu provinces;
  • supported 40 “listening houses” for victims of violence, in particular sexual violence;
  • provided physical rehabilitation services for 187 war wounded, including limb-fitting and supplying crutches.

Water and sanitation

The ICRC works in cooperation with local bodies (Regideso, the National Rural Hydraulics Service and the Congolese Red Cross) to ensure better access to drinking water. In rural areas, the ICRC involves the local water committees in its projects.

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • in partnership with Regideso, got the drinking-water supply service up and running again for the 30,000 inhabitants of Kiliba after the 17 km of pipes had been replaced;
  • improved access to drinking water for over 44,000 people in the Kivus;
  • built sanitary installations in six villages in Rutshuru and brought water and repaired pipes in other localities for the benefit of 50,000 people in a health emergency, including people who had been displaced because of the conflict;
  • renovated several health facilities in the Kivus, in particular the Busekera health centre and Walikale hospital.

Cooperation with the Congolese Red Cross (CRDRC)

From July to September 2012 the ICRC:

  • supplied the CRDRC with five emergency intervention kits including first-aid kits and other equipment;
  • in two workshops, trained some twenty CRDRC managerial staff and volunteers in how to conduct an initial assessment and implement projects.

Promoting international humanitarian law and humanitarian principles

From July to September 2012 the ICRC organized and ran dissemination and information sessions for:

  • almost 3,000 members of the armed and security forces in the Kivus;
  • dozens of members of armed groups from the Kivus;
  • the authorities and civil society representatives at both national and local level.