Ecuador/Peru: ICRC calls for compliance with Geneva conventions
08-06-1995 News Release 95/21
Geneva (ICRC) - Despite repeated approaches by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the ongoing negotiations between the governments of Ecuador and Peru have not yet led to an agreement on the release of prisoners of war and civilian detainees protected by the Third and Fourth Geneva Conventions respectively and by Protocol I additional thereto, or of other persons held in connection with the recent armed conflict and its aftermath.
The ICRC therefore draws the attention of the two States concerned to their obligations under those treaties and to the rights that international humanitarian law clearly confers on prisoners of war and detained civilians.
At present two soldiers are being held in Ecuador and two in Peru. The ICRC requests that action be taken at once under Article 118 of the Third Geneva Convention, which stipulates that prisoners of war shall be released and repatriated without delay after the cessation of hostilities. On 1 March last seven Peruvian and two Ecuadorian prisoners of war were simultaneously released and repatriated under the auspices of the ICRC.
As regards the civilians still being held by either side, the ICRC will continue to use its good offices to facilitate an agreement between the governments of Ecuador and Peru, and is confident that a satisfactory humanitarian solution will be found.