Examples of ICRC surgery and hospital assistance programmes
Lopiding Hospital, Kenya
An independent ICRC hospital set up in 1987 for the surgical care of war wounded from South Sudan, it is staffed by expatriate surgical teams and Kenyan National personnel employed by the ICRC. Training programmes for Health care personnel from South Sudan have been organised in Lopiding Hospital since 1992.
The majority of patients are transferred from and to South Sudan by ICRC aircraft, others by other agencies in co-operation with the ICRC.
During 1999, a monthly average of 190 surgical emergency cases has been admitted to the hospital of whom on average 87 had war related injuries. This includes surgical emergency patients from the surrounding area of Lokichokio as well as those from South Sudan. A facility to provide medical emergency care for the population of the immediate local area has been set up during 1999.
Keysaney Hospital , Somalia
The hospital was set up in conjunction with the Somali Red Crescent Society (SRCS) in 1992 for the treatment of war wounded in Mogadishu North. It was initially staffed by expatriate surgical teams with National personnel during which time training programmes were carried out. In 1994, expatriate staff were withdrawn. Since then it has been run exclusively by national staff employed by the SRCS. When possible there has been a part time presence of an expatriate nurse, as well as supervisory visits from surgeons.
ICRC has continued to provide support to the hospital in the form of payment of salaries to staff and provision of medicines and medical materials via the SRCS.
This is the only public hospital admitting surgical patients in Mogadishu. Today an average of 211 surgical patients per month are admitted, of whom 121 suffer from wounds inflicted by weapons.
Mirwais Hospital Kandahar , Afghanistan
The surgical departments of Mirwais, Ministry of Public Health hospital, were rehabilitated by the ICRC in 1996. Since then a surgical training programme has been continuing alongside training for nurses and ancillary staff of the surgical departments.
The hospital is staffed by expatriate surgical teams and nurses as well as Afghan National staff. The overall aim has been to prepare the Afghan staff to work autonomously. The ratio of expatriate to national staff has decreased as the training programme has progressed. All medicines and medical supplies for the surgical departments are provided by the ICRC, staff are assisted by the payment of an incentive.
The hospital has treated an average of 518 surgical in-patients per month during 1999, on average of whom 20 suffered wounds inflicted by weapons.
Assistance of medicines and medical materials to hospitals
Currently throughout the world, ICRC is distributing on a regular, irregular, or ad hoc basis medicines and/or medical materials to approximately 250 hospitals which, due t o conflict do not have the means with which to provide care for the wounded and sick.
Ref. LG 2000-032-ENG