Emergency action of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (Russian Red Cross, International Federation) for victims of the Chechen conflict
31-07-2000 Operational Update
ICRC assists mudslide victims in Kabardino-Balkaria
On request of the local EMERCOM authorities, the ICRC representation in Naltchik (Kabardino-Balkaria) has assisted the town of Tyrnhaus which found itself in an emergency situation after a succession of violent rain showers. More than 50 houses have been flooded and many of its inhabitants became homeless. ICRC representatives delivered ad hoc medical assistance for 200 patients to a Tyrenhaus hospital. In addition, 300 food parcel, 150 hygienic kits, 500 jerrycans and rolls of plastic sheeting have been delivered to the local EMERCOM representatives.
Hygiene of camps in Ingushetia improved
6 shower units have been build by ICRC at five places in IDP camps in Ingushetia. 5 of them are equipped with 12 cabins and 1 - with 6 cabins. This allows 500 people to have a shower daily, which substantially improves hygienic conditions for the displaced persons. In the hot summer period, this is for sure an important achievement. ICRC is planning to build 6 more shower units (2 with 12 cabins and 4 with 6 cabins).
The five-month plan of action for November 1999 to March 2000, financed by the ICRC appeal on behalf of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement for 18 million Swiss francs (11 mln. US dollars) expanded the initial response by the ICRC. This appeal was covered in its entirety, which allowed the Movement to co-ordinate a global humanitarian response which is detailed below for the period 9 October to 31 July inclusive.
At the beginning of February the ICRC launched the annual appeal for more than 41 million Swiss francs (25 mln. US dollars) to support its activities in the Russian Federation in 2000, of which three quarters is designated for response to the humanitarian emergency in the North Caucasus.
By 29 July 2000, when according to official statistics the total number of displaced from Chechnya to Ingushetia, registered by the Migration Service, amounted to around 170,000, the ICRC had been directly assisting about 50,000 of them on a monthly basis in some 160 different distribution points throughout the Republic. Cumulatively, more than 458,000 people have been reached over the last 10 months.
All five hospitals of Ingushetia received assistance for about 1600 war wounded patients.
Since the end of November, when distribution of drinking water for IDP's began, over 42'600 m3 have been provided. 16 ICRC water cistern trucks continue to deliver water to 67 distribution points both in IDP camps and places of IDPs'compact living, where 22 bladders and 6 shower facilities have been installed. The average volume of water distributed daily to almost 35'000 beneficiaries is around 340 m3.
Food parcels ( 1L vegetable oil, 1 kg sugar, 3 kg spaghetti, 3 kg rice, 2 kg canned food, 0.5 kg salt and 100 gr yeast)
boxes of high protein biscuits (20 kg each box).
Hygienic kits (2,5 kg washing powder, 12 rolls of toilet paper, 500 gr soap, 5 tubes toothpaste, 5 toothbrushes, 5 disposable razors, 80 sanitary towels, 1 bath towel)
Kitchen sets (1 cooking pot (7L), 1 frying pan, 5 bowls, 5 plates, 5 cups, 5 knives, 5 forks and 5 table poons)
wood heaters / lamps / burners
sq meters of plastic sheeting
RUSSIAN RED CROSS (INGUSH REPUBLICAN BRANCH)
1,737,000 loaves of bread have been provided to IDPs since December 1999, about 346,600 portions of hot meals have been distributed during the same period from soup kitchens which are now 6.
104,500 internally displaced people have been provided with shoes and clothes since December 1999.
Over 21,000 patients have been given medical assistance from 3 medical units since December 1999, including 9,430 children.
In Dagestan the ICRC, in co-operation with the local branch of the Russian Red Cross, began to assist Dagestanis in collective centres and the private sector, displaced as a result of hostilities, as early as 10 August 1999 in Makhachkala and Buinaksk, and since October - Chechens who found refuge primarily in Khasavyurt region. Currently, the ICRC is directly assisting about 10'000 of them on a monthly basis. Over the period from 10 August 1999 to 31 July 2000, the ICRC provided food and non-food assistance cumulatively to more than 131,000 beneficiaries.
Three schools in Novola k district of Dagestan have been supplied with school articles for 1,300 pupils.
545 war wounded have been provided with assistance since August 1999.
rolls of plastic sheeting
bales of second hand clothes (25-30 kg each)
RUSSIAN RE D CROSS (DAGESTAN REPUBLICAN BRANCH)
Over 343,000 loaves of bread have been provided to IDPs since December 1999, 115,500 portions of hot meals have been distributed from 2 soup kitchen during the same period.
About 20,000 internally displaced people have been provided with shoes and clothes since December 1999.
3,600 patients, including 1,300 children, have been given medical assistance from 1 medical unit since December 1999.
The ICRC, which suspended its operations in Chechnya for security reasons last November, extended its activities to the territory of the Republic at the end of March, first of all assessing the most urgent needs and then responding accordingly.
Regular assessment missions have been undertaken by the ICRC and RRC local staff to Grozny, Achkhoy-Martan, Urus-Martan, Argun, Gudermes, some other places and an expatriate team also visited Grozny.
The most urgent needs of the population have been identified as lack of food, medicines, clean drinking water, and every time emergency medical assistance was delivered to local hospitals for about 1,200 war wounded and other patients.
Since beginning of May joint ICRC-RCC programmes of free bread distribution and of home-visiting nurses have been re-activated. In July, over 11,300 people in Grozny, Shali, Gudermes, Argun, Urus-Martan and Achkhoi-Martan have been provided with more than 135,000 loaves of bread and 720 beneficiaries in Grozny have been assisted on a regular basis by 57 home visiting nur ses.
In the future, the ICRC hopes to assist on a regular basis about 30,000 persons in Chechnya.
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NORTH OSSETIA, KABARDINO-BALKARIA, SOUTH OF RUSSIA
3,500 internally displaced people from Chechnya, accommodated in North-Ossetia, and 3'500 IDP's accommodated in public buildings in Kabardino-Balkaria, have been provided with ad hoc food and non-food assistance (food parcels, wheat flour and hygienic kits).
The military hospitals in Nalchik, Mozdok, Vladikavkaz, Kislovodsk and Pyatigorsk were assisted with emergency and surgical material to treat over 1,300 war wounded.
The Mozdok regional Epidemiological Centre has been provided with medical material on a monthly basis.
RUSSIAN RED CROSS (LOCAL BRANCHES)
About 190,000 loaves of bread have been provided to IDPs since December 1999 in North Ossetia and over 55,000 portions of hot meals have been distributed from 1soup kitchen during the same period.
Over 7,500 internally displaced people have been provided with shoes and clothes since December 1999 in North Ossetia and about 1,800 - in Kabardino-Balkaria.
OUTSIDE NORTH CAUCASUS
The Russian Red Cross, with the support o f the ICRC and the International Federation, provides emergency assistance, psycho-social counselling, legal advice and medical services to IDP's from Chechnya, accommodated in regions outside the North-Caucasus. From 1 November 1999 till 31 July 2000 the Russian Red Cross provided over 43'600 food parcels, 43'600 hygienic kits, 5'500 blankets and 3'800 medical kits to IDP's at 48 distribution points in seven regions of the RF (Stavropol, Krasnodar, Rostov, Volgograd, Asdtrakhan, Saratov and Kalmykia).
Since the 17th of May, ICRC delegates have visited 20 detention places inside and outside Chechnya where persons detained by the Russian authorities in relation to the Chechen conflict are held. The detainees could write Red Cross messages to their families or relatives if they wished to. These visits are being conducted after President Vladimir Putin gave assurances to ICRC President Jakob Kellenberger, during talks held in Moscow in March, that ICRC delegates would be granted access to all persons detained in connection with the conflict, wherever they are being held.
RED CROSS PERSONNEL INVOLVED IN EMERGENCY OPERATION
12 expatriates permanently based in Nalchik and 207 national staff all over the North-Caucasus
Russian Red Cross
Permanent staff - 45 (delegated from the Central Committee and in the field)
Delegates and local staff in Moscow offer support to the Russian Red Cross outside the North Caucasus
Ref. LG 2000-090-ENG