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Sudan bulletin No. 14 – 1 October 2004

01-10-2004 Operational Update

Latest report on ICRC activities in the field

 DARFUR  

    

 ICRC highlights  

An assessment in the region of Silea shows that the nutritional situation may further deteriorate: It is estimated that the coming harvest will barely cover 20% of the overall food needs of the local population.

Last week, over 784 tonnes of food and essential household items arrived in Darfur to enable continuing distribution.

    

 ICRC ACTIVITIES  

    

 Assistance  

 Western Darfur. The ICRC surgical team provided medical care to 24 war wounded in Gereida and Muhajaryya. The hospital in Zalingei provided an average of 160 consultations per day to residents and internally displaced people.

 Southern Darfur. The ICRC started a mass vaccination campaign against measles which has currently reached 52% of children under five years old. The Sudanese Red Crescent and the Ministry of Health are supporting the campaign.

 Northern Darfur. A primary health care programme was launched in Kutum and food was distributed to 3,000 families in Korma.

The rehabilitation of Gereida's water system has increased the water supply by 100,000 litres a day, covering the daily needs of its 30'000 IDPs.

In Southern Sudan , two new surgical wards were inaugurated at ICRC's hospital in Juba. The minister of health and other local officials attended the event.

    

 Restoring family links and tracing  

Throughout Darfur, 12 unaccompanied minors were registered, 29 Red Cross messages (RCM) were collected / distributed and 4 tracing requests were received. In southern Sudan 109 additional RCM were managed.

 Information  

Dissemination seminaries on international humanitarian law and the ICRC were held in Tabaar Boo Jimaal and Abata in Western Darfur as well as in   Umduombon and Dito in Southern Sudan .

    

 Cooperation with the Sudanese Red Crescent Society and the Red Cross Movement  

The Canadian minister for international cooperation announced that its government will further strengthen its support to the Canadian Red Cross/ICRC activities in Darfur through the allocation of $US 750,000 for mobile health clinics.

Meetings were held in Al Janeina and Nyala between the Spanish Red Cross and the Sudanese and Saudi Red Crescent Societies to coordinate the work in the field.

The Irish Red Cross visited El Fashir and Nyala while the Danish Red Cross appointed a country representative based in Khartoum in view of enhancing its aid to Sudan. The German, Dutch, Saudi and Spanish RCs have offices in the Khartoum as well.

    

 Since the start of the crisis, the ICRC has:  

    

  •  Delivered essential household items to 347,624 persons in 25 locations  

  •  Distributed 2,381 tonnes of food assistance to 127,520 persons in 50 locations.  

  •  Upgraded, repaired and developed 5 hospitals.  

  •  Set up 4 primary health care units, that have so far provided service to 134,000 persons.  

  •  Set up, repaired and developed water delivery systems to provide 2,000,000 litres per day to over 200,000 persons.  

  •  Organised the layout of Abu Shok, Zam Zam and Hasahesa camps currently hosting about 120,000 persons.  

 EASTERN CHAD  

    

 Humanitarian situation  

The dire living conditions of the Darfuri refugees prevail. In spite of the difficulties of access caused by the seasonal rains, some areas registered a rather meager rainfall this year (only 90 mm, compared to the 200-300 mm in previous years according to the authorities) putting northern Wadi Fira (Iriba region) in a situation of drought.

Moreover, tensions are growing between the resident population and the refugees. On the one hand both groups are competing for the limited resources available, on the other the already poor resident population resents the humanitarian assistance provided exclusively to the refugees.

 Humanitarian highlights  

3 more tracing antennas have been inaugurated in Iridme, Mile and Kounougou camps, further bringing the benefit of ICRC tracing activities to the Darfuri refugees.

The UNHCR and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies have announced the opening of a new camp called Treguine. Since the 27 September both organizations are providing transport for around 200 refugees daily, helping reduce the overcrowding at Bredjing (originally planned for 20,000 people and currently lodging over 50,000).

 ICRC activities  

 Restoring family links  

  • 267 messages were collected

  • 8 Red Cross messages were distributed

  • 12 tracing requests were collected

  • 9 Red Cross messages from unaccompanied children were collected

  • 5 separated and unaccompanied children were registered

  • 51 subscriptions to the ICRC's family search data base system were recorded

 Information  

Information sessions were organized for over 1,200 people – refugees and aid workers from the different NGOs and UNHCR – in the camps of Mile and Kounoungou.

    

 For further information please contact:  

 Virginia De La Guradia, ICRC Khartoum, tel. ++249 9 121 377 64  

 for Chad: Yves Heller, ICRC Yaoundé , tel. ++237 222 58 59  

 Marco Jìmenez, Geneva, tel. ++41 79 217 3217