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List of customary rules of international humanitarian law

31-03-2005

This list is based on the conclusions set out in Volume I of the study on customary international humanitarian law. As the study did not seek to determine the customary nature of each treaty rule of international humanitarian law, it does not necessarily follow the structure of existing treaties.

   

 
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 Content:  

    

 Part I. The principle of distinction  

    

    

  • Distinction between Civilians and Combatants (1 – 6)

  • Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives (7 – 10)

  • Indiscriminate Attacks (11 – 13)

  • Proportionality in Attack (14)

  • Precautions in Attack (15 – 21)

  • Precautions against the Effects of Attacks (22 – 24)

    

 Part II. Specifically protected persons and objects  

    

  • Medical and Religious Personnel and Objects (25 – 30)

  • Humanitarian Relief Personnel and Objects (31 – 32)

  • Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission (33)

  • Journalists (34)

  • Protected Zones (35 – 37)

  • Cultural Property (38 – 41)

  • Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces (42)

  • The Natural Environment (43 – 45)

 Part III. Specific methods of warfare  

  • Denial of Quarter (46 – 48)

  • Destruction and Seizure of Property (49 – 52)

  • Starvation and Access to Humanitarian Relief (53 – 56)

  • Deception (57 – 65)

  • Communication with the Enemy (66 – 69)

 Part IV. Use of weapons  

  • General Principles on the Use of Weapons (70 – 71)

  • Poison (72)

  • Biological Weapons (73)

  • Chemical Weapons (74 -76)

  • Expanding Bullets (77)

  • Exploding Bullets (78)

  • Weapons Primarily Injuring by Non-detectable Fragments (79)

  • Booby-Traps (80)

  • Landmines (81 – 83)

  • Incendiary Weapons (84 – 85)

  • Blinding Laser Weapons (86)

 Part V. Treatment of civilians and persons hors de combat  

  • Fundamental Guarantees (87 – 105)

  • Combatants and Prisoner-of-War Status (106 – 108)

  • The Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked (109 – 111)

  • The Dead (112 – 116)

  • Missing Persons (117)

  • Persons Deprived of Their Liberty (118 – 128)

  • Displacement and Displaced Persons (129 – 133)

  • Other Persons Afforded Specific Protection (134 – 138)

 Part VI. Implementation  

  • Compliance with International Humanitarian Law (139 – 143)

  • Enforcement of International Humanitarian Law (144 – 148)

  • Responsibility and Reparation (149 – 150)

  • Individual Respons ibility (151 – 155)

  • War Crimes (156 – 161)