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Significant dates in the history of international humanitarian law and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

01-01-2009

  

 1859  

Battle of Solferino - Henry Dunant

  

 1863  

International Committee for the relief of military wounded: as from 1876, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

International Geneva Conference

Establishment of national committees for the relief of military wounded

  

 1864  

Geneva Convention for the amelioration of the condition of the wounded in armies in the field

     

 1867  

1st International Conference of the Red Cross

  

 1899  

The Hague Conventions

- Laws and customs of war on land (Convention No. II) 

- Adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the 1864 Geneva Convention (Convention No. III)

  

 1906  

Revision and development of the 1864 Geneva Convention

  

 1907  

The Hague Conventions

- Laws and customs of war on land (Convention No. IV)

- Adaptation to maritime warfare of the principles of the 1906 Geneva Convention (Convention No. X)

  

 1919  

League of Red Cross Societies

- as from 1983, League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

- as from 1991, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

  

 1925  

Geneva Protocol

Prohibition of the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and of bacteriological methods of warfare

   

 1928  

Statutes of the International Red Cross (revised in 1952 and 1986)

   

 1929  

Geneva Conventions

- Wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision of the 1906 Geneva Convention ] (1st Convention)

- Prisoners of war [supplements the 1899 Hague Convention No.II and 1907 Hague Convention No.IV ] (2nd Convention)

- Official recognition of the red crescent emblem (first used in 1876)

   

 1949  

Geneva Conventions

- The wounded and sick in armed forces in the field [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention ]  (First Convention)

- Wounded, sick and shipwrecked members of armed forces at sea [revision and development of the 1907 Hague Convention No. X ] (Second Convention)

- Prisoners of war [revision and development of the 1929 Geneva Convention ] (Third Convention)

- Civilian persons [supplements the 1899 Hague Convention No.II and 1907 Hague Convention No. IV ] (Fourth Convention)

- The four Conventions contain a common Article 3 relating to the protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts

   

 1965  

Proclamation of the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross: humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, universality (incorporated in 1986 into the Statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement)

   

 1976  

Convention on the protection of the environment Prohibition of military or any other hostile use of environmental modification techniques

   

 1977  

Protocols additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions

- Protection of victims of international armed conflicts (ProtocoI I)

- Protection of victims of non-international armed conflicts (Protocol II)

  

 1980  

Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects.

   

 1986  

Statutes of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

   

 1989  

Agreement between the ICRC and the League

   

 1989  

Convention on the Rights of the Child

   

 1993  

Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction

   

 1994  

San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea

   

 1995  

Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (Protocol IV)

   

 1996 

Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II)

   

 1997 

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction

   

 1997

Agreement on the Organization of the International Activities of the Components of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

   

 1998      

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court

  

 2003     

Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War (Protocol V to the 1980 Convention)

   

 2005      

Third additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem

  

 2008      

Convention on Cluster Munitions