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Overview of the ICRC's operations in 2002: Africa

10-12-2002

 Delegations  

 Angola  

    

 Personnel: 31 expatriate and 338 locally hired staff

For over 25 years, the conflict in Angola has devastated the country's economy, left vital infrastructure such as hospitals, water supply systems and roads in ruins, and the civilian population dependent on humanitarian aid for their survival. While the ICRC sustains its primary health care, surgical, prosthetic/orthotic and water and sanitation programmes in the major towns of Huambo, Kuito and Caala, it has increasingly adapted its food-aid programmes to reflect the population's changing needs. Having helped the residents of Huambo and Caala to achieve a level of self-sufficiency, the ICRC's priority now is to do the same for the internally displaced people.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 25,148,494  

2,908,523

18,309,520

1,852,292

211,692

443,010

1,423,457

    

    

 Burundi  

    

 Personnel: 15 expatriate and 88 locally hired staff

In Burundi, the ICRC focuses on assisting and protecting people deprived of their freedom, wounded or sick victims of the conflict, and the local civilia n population. Its activities are carried out in urban areas, where security conditions permit. Aid programmes include efforts to improve access to water and sanitation facilities, hygiene and medical care, requiring action at both prison and local community levels.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 9,801,942  

1,461,257

6,569,821

879,021

129,306

170,059

592,478

    

    

 Congo, Democratic Republic of the  

 Personnel: 46 expatriate and 404 locally hired staff

    

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the ICRC focuses its activities on: rapid assistance to vulnerable groups affected by the conflict to ensure their survival, while promoting their self-sufficiency; support to the authorities in providing adequate health care for the war-wounded and the civilian population; protection activities for different categories of people who have been deprived of their freedom, including prisoners of war, people detained in connection with the conflict and civilian internees; the re-establishment of contact between separated family members; and the development of the National Society.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 42,347,318  

6,233,677

28,520,591

2,321,044

2,393,983

308,035

2,569,988

    

    

 Congo, Republic of the  

    

 Personnel: 8 expatriate and 84 locally hired staff

After years of conflict, the focus in the Republic of the Congo has shifted from emergency assistance to reconstruction. The essence of ICRC activities in the country remains to monitor the situation of civilians and the conditions of people deprived of freedom. The ICRC also provides financial, material and technical support for water-supply projects. The organization further strives to raise awareness of international humanitarian law among the armed and security forces.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 3,983,220  

451,764

1,772,602

1,146,484

291,541

77,720

243,109

    

 Eritrea  

    

 Personnel: 23 expatriate and 73 locally hired staff
 

In Eritrea, a party to the Geneva Conventions since August 2000, the ICRC aims to alleviate human suffering arising from the effects of the international conflict with Ethiopia. The ICRC’s priorities are twofold: to assist the resident population still affected and/or displaced by the conflict and to ensure that prisoners of war and people of Ethiopian origin enjoy the protection due to them under the Third and Fourth Geneva Conventions, respectively. The ICRC supports the Red Cross Society of Eritrea in developing its tracing, dissemination, conflict preparedness and emergency response capacities.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  13,694,319  

2,337,925

8,296,290

638,623

1,423,417

167,461

830.603

    

 Ethiopia  

    

 Personnel: 42 expatriate and 217 locally hired staff

In Ethiopia, the ICRC responds to the needs arising from the recent international conflict with Eritrea and from internal conflicts and disturbances, needs which are aggravated by cyclical poor seasonal rainfall. The ICRC focuses on ensuring that prisoners of war, civilian internees and people of Eritrean origin enjoy the protection due to them under the Third and Fourth Geneva Conventions, respectively. It also concentrates on protection of and assistance to the population affected and/or displaced by the recent international conflict and internal armed violence in various parts of the country. The ICRC visits detainees held in relation to the 1991 change of government and for reasons of State security. In the Somali National Regional State, the ICRC implements integrated health, veterinary and water rehabilitation projects for nomadic populations and promotes minimal flood management in particularly affected areas.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 23,079,785  

7,839,565

9,153,191

2,059,132

2,464,522

157,400

1,405,975

 ICRC mission to the OAU  

The ICRC’s permanent mission to the OAU focuses on gaining a broad insight into the political scene in Africa and on building strong relations with African governments and NGOs so as to alert them to the need for greater recognition and much wider application of international humanitarian law in their respective countries and raise their awareness of the ICRC’s role and activities around the world.

    

    

 Guinea  

    

In Guinea, the ICRC plans to focus on assistance to displaced people, visits to people deprived of their freedom and dissemination activities for the armed and security forces, political authorities, media and general public. It will also help to develop the Red Cross tracing network for refugees and unaccompanied children and assist the authorities concerned in providing care for the war-wounded.

Budget: see under Ethiopia

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 

    13,013,263  

2,420,181

6,851,049

1,885,573

1,139,644

0

716,816

    

 Liberia  

    

 Personnel: 4 expatriate and 39 locally hired staff

Owing to the instability in the sub-region, the ICRC has stepped up its operations in Liberia to extend its assistance and protection activities for people in need (the displaced, war-wounded, vulnerable residents of host communities, detainees and unaccompanied children). In addition, the ICRC supports the Liberia National Red Cross Society and runs dissemination programmes for the governmental armed forces.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  6,213,173  

439,331

4,401,889

505,802

469,658

66,538

329,955

    

    

 Rwanda  

    

 Personnel: 51 expatriate and 381 locally hired staff

In Rwanda, the ICRC focuses its activities on: detainees held in prisons and communal lock-ups (cachots); unaccompanied children seeking their families after being separated fr om them either in 1994 or during the mass repatriations in 1996/1997; vulnerable genocide survivors and victims of internal conflict (predominantly widows and orphans) in need of assistance to rebuild their lives; resident populations whose local water networks remain damaged from the time of the genocide; and people temporarily displaced for reasons of security.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  31,408,787  

3,789,436

22,862,606

1,547,762

1,046,427

306,316

1,856,240

    

    

 Sierra Leone  

    

 Personnel: 28 expatriate and 254 locally hired staff

In Sierra Leone, the ICRC focuses on: providing protection in the form of visits to detainees and a family reunification programme for unaccompanied children; and assistance to vulnerable civilians in the formerly inaccessible Kono and Kailahun districts in the form of water and sanitation, medical, non-food and agricultural rehabilitation programmes. These activities follow an integrated approach enabling the targeted population to meet their basic needs and work towards self-sufficiency. The ICRC continues to coordinate its operations with other actors involved, including UN agencies, other humanitarian organizations and the local authorities.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  24,655,485  

1,260,926

18,923,261

1,266,172

1,682,962

89,921

1,432,243

    

    

 Somalia  

    

 Personnel: 13 expatriate and 25 locally hired staff

 
In Somalia, the ICRC focuses on an emergency response to the direct effects of conflict, frequently combined with natural disasters, including the provision of mainly non-food aid, medical assistance for the war-wounded (support to four hospitals and 26 health centres) and water and sanitation activities. The ICRC is also carrying out programmes with a medium-term outlook designed to maintain local coping mechanisms and preserve adequate living conditions for extremely vulnerable populations. Cooperation with the Somali Red Crescent Society completes this palette of activities.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 25,765,539  

375,849

21,691,016

384,506

1,734,042

7,580

1,572,546

    

    

 Sudan  

    

 Personnel: 79 expatriate and 789 locally hired staff

In Sudan, ICRC activities concentrate on: protection and assistance for internally displaced people and for residents affected by the conflict; medical assistance to the war-wounded; monitoring the living conditions and treatment of people detained in connection with the conflict; dissemination of international humanitarian law to the government armed forces, SPLA and other bearers of weapons; exchange of Red Cross messages, tracing and family reunification activities; supp ort to the regional prosthetic/orthotic centres in Khartoum and Lokichokio; and cooperation activities with the Sudanese Red Crescent.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  46,092,659  

2,617,960

36,798,098

1,716,428

1,828,723

318,269

2,813,181

    

    

 Uganda  

    

 Personnel: 5 expatriate and 118 local ly hired staff

Following the killings of six ICRC staff members in Ituri district in north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo in April 2001, the ICRC had to suspend activities in its sub-delegation in Uganda and has since maintained a reduced expatriate presence confined to the capital, Kampala. The ICRC’s first priority is to obtain a thorough investigation by the Ugandan authorities into the killings. Of secondary importance is the maintenance of levels of knowledge about the situation in the field in order to monitor the humanitarian situation and be in a position to respond in the event of a major life-threatening emergency.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  4,004,173  

413,144

1,770,965

815,265

648,980

111,430

2 44,389

    

    

    

 Regional delegations and other offices  

    

    

 Abidjan  

    

 Covering: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, and Togo

 Personnel: 14 expatriate and 49 locally hired staff

The ICRC regional delegation in Abidjan focuses on supporting the efforts of the region's authorities and armed and security forces to implement international humanitarian law and on raising awareness among the armed forces of the need to respect its rules. Other ICRC activities include visits to places of detention in Côte d'Ivoire and monitoring the situation in the country for possible outbreaks of inter-communal violence, maintaining an operational capacity to provide victims with protection and assistance.
 

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

  Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 4,131,055  

649,871

1,011,444

1,424,699

727,813

65,098

252,130

    

    

 Dakar  

    

 Covering: Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, and Senegal

 Personnel: 4 expatriate and 40 locally hired staff

The Dakar regional delegation concentrates on activities to promote international humanitarian law among the armed forces and other bearers of weapons, and to encourage its implementation by authorities throughout the region. It also supports the activities of the National Societies, assists victims of violence such as displaced people in need, and visits detainees and provides them with assistance, where necessary.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 3,266,178  

391,019

 475,790

1,329,435

799,647

70,943

 199,344

    

    

 Harare  

    

 Covering: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe

 Personnel: 8 expatriate and 41 locally hired staff

 
The ICRC’s regional delegation in Harare monitors the humanitarian situation in the countries covered, especially in relation to the internal situation in Zimbabwe and the consequences of the spillover of the conflicts in Angola and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo into Namibia and Zambia. Its activities focus on assisting and protecting civilians displaced by violence, visiting people deprived of their freedom in connection with these situations, and helping civilians separated by armed conflict to re-establish and maintain contact with their families. The delegation also pursues its activities related to preventive action and maintains efforts to inform the security and armed forces and the public as a whole about international humanitarian law. It also contributes to the development of operational capacities of National So cieties in the region.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 5,363,948  

1,520,721

874,306

1,159,504

1,429,728

52,308

327,381

    

    

 Lagos  

    

 Covering: Nigeria

 Personnel: 6 expatriate and 36 locally hired staff

The ICRC maintains an operational capacity in Lagos to provide protection and assistance to people displaced by sporadic outbreaks of violence. The ICRC works in close cooperation with the Nigerian Red Cross Society, helping it to strengthen its preparedness to respond to emergency situations anywhere in Nigeria. Preventive activities with political authorities, armed forces and police, and members of civil society (media, NGOs and university students) form the other main components of the delegation’s work.
 

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 5,986,076  

6,618

2,952,186

926,178

1,668,608

75,976

356,510

    

    

 Nairobi  

    

 Covering: Djibouti, Kenya, and Tanzania

 Personnel: 38 expatriate and 400 locally hired staff

The ICRC’s regional delegation in Nairobi has a dual purpose: firstly, to carry out operations in the three countries covered – assistance (in particular relief activities, mainly in Kenya, and medical activities in Tanzania), protection (notably restoring family links for refugees from war-torn parts of the region), preventive action and cooperation activities; and secondly, to provide logistical services to ICRC operations in the surrounding countries of the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes regions, or even further afield.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

 9,253,007  

1,387,527

3,296,473

1,812,496

1,799,983

391,788

564,740

    

    

 Pretoria  

    

 Covering: Comoros, Lesotho, Madagascar, Mauritius, South Africa, Seychelles, and Swaziland

 Personnel: 8 expatriate and 30 locally hired staff

The Pretoria regional delegation keeps a close eye on the domestic situation in the countries covered, promotes the integration of international humanitarian law (IHL) into domestic law and into military and police training, and provides services to restore family links for civilian victims of conflict. It also supports the reg ion’s National Societies in their efforts to disseminate IHL, develop their tracing activities and prepare for emergencies in cooperation with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

    

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  3,201,978  

269,435

0

1,521,632

1,138,828

76,657

195,426

    

    

 Yaoundé  

    

 Covering: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe

 Personnel: 7 expatriate and 30 locally hired staff

The Yaoundé regional delegation closely follows the humanitarian consequences of the failed coup d’état in the Central African Republic and the development of the internal conflict in Chad. In addition to its work on behalf of detainees, the ICRC promotes international humanitarian law and its implementation, and lends financial, technical and material support to National Societies throughout the region.

 Budget 2002  

Protection

Assistance

Preventive action

Cooperation

General

Overheads

 Sfr  

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

Sfr

  3,735,355  

873, 910

390,930

1,455,931

632,838

153,767

 227,979