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Council of Delegates 1995: Resolution 5

02-12-1995 Resolution

Children in armed conflicts

Council of Delegates of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Geneva, Switzerland, 1 - 2 December 1995

The Council of Delegates,

recalling Resolution IX of the 25th International Conference of the Red Cross (1986) entitled " Protection of Children in Armed Conflicts " , Resolution 14 of the Council of Delegates (1991) entitled " Child Soldiers " and Resolution 4 of the Council of Delegates (1993) entitled " Child Soldiers " ,

 also recalling with appreciation the study entitled Child Soldiers undertaken by the Henry Dunant Institute,

 recognizing that the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols, as well as Articles 38 and 39 of the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, accord children special protection and treatment,

 deeply concerned that children suffer particular hardship during armed conflicts,

 taking note of the joint report of the International Federation and the ICRC on the implementation of Resolution 4 of the Council of Delegates (1993),

 deploring that children under the age of 15 are used as soldiers in many parts of the world, in violation of international law,

1.  urges the ICRC, National Societies and the International Federation to work for improved implementation, at the national level, of existing international legal standards and increased dissemination thereof;

2.  endorses    the Plan of Action for the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, prepared by the International Federation and the ICRC in cooperation with the Henry Dunant Institute, which aims to promote the principle of non-participation and non-recruitment of children below the age of 18 years in armed conflicts and to take concrete action to protect and assist child victims of armed conflicts;

3.  urges all National Societies, the International Federation and the ICRC to implement or support the implementation of the Plan of Action;

4.  requests the International Federation and the ICRC, in order to monitor and facilitate the implementation of the Plan of Action, to establish a coordinating group comprised of representatives of the International Federation, the ICRC and five National Societies implementing or supporting programmes for children in armed conflicts;

5.  requests the International Federation and the ICRC to report on progress in implementing the Plan of Action to the Council of Delegates in 1997.