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Council of Delegates 2007: Resolution 8

24-11-2007 Resolution

International Humanitarian Law and Cluster Munitions

Council of Delegates of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Geneva, Switzerland, 23-24 November 2007

The Council of Delegates,

recalling its Resolution 2 on Weapons and International Humanitarian Law (Seoul, 16-18 November 2005), and welcoming the ICRC’s follow-up report,

stressing that adequate controls on the use and proliferation of weapons are essential to protecting civilians from indiscriminate effects and combatants from unnecessary suffering,

deeply concerned by the severe consequences of cluster munitions for civilian populations and humanitarian action during and after conflicts, and acknowledging the obstacles these weapons pose for post-conflict reconstruction and development,

alarmed by the millions of inaccurate and unreliable cluster munitions in national stockpiles around the world,

welcoming the ICRC’s report on its Expert Meeting on the Humanitarian, Military,Technical and Legal Challenges of Cluster Munitions held in Montreux in April 2007,

welcoming the commitment made by States at an international conference in Oslo in February 2007 to conclude an international treaty by the end of 2008 prohibiting cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians, and the agreement by States party to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons to negotiate a proposal to address the humanitarian impact of cluster munitions,

welcoming the commitment in the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War to minimize the post-conflict effects of explosive remnants of war, as well as the increasing number of States that have decided to enact a moratorium on the use of cluster munitions that are inaccurate or unreliable and to eliminate such weapons,

 

  1. encourages all work currently under way to alleviate the suffering of victims of cluster munitions and to remove submunitions and other explosive remnants of war already contaminating war-affected countries;
  1. urges the components of the Movement to promote adherence to and full implementation of the Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War of the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons;
  2. encourages all components of the Movement to promote national measures to address the humanitarian concerns resulting from the use of cluster munitions, including ending the use and transfer of inaccurate and unreliable cluster munitions, providing assistance to victims, enhancing clearance efforts and eliminating inaccurate and unreliable cluster munitions from national stockpiles;
  3. urges all components of the Movement to raise awareness of the severe human and socio-economic costs of cluster-munition use and to help build national support for an effective new treaty of international humanitarian law that will prohibit inaccurate and unreliable cluster munitions;
  4. urges governments that support the Oslo Declaration to fulfill their commitment to conclude a treaty in 2008 prohibiting the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of cluster munitions that cause unacceptable harm to civilians;
  5. urges States party to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons to continue their efforts and to work towards developing legally binding rules on cluster munitions as a matter of urgency;
  6. requests the ICRC to report to the 2009 Council of Delegates on the progress made in implementing these objectives.