Afghanistan : ICRC activities in facts and figures
04-02-2002 Operational Update
Water and Habitat
Co-operation with the Afghan Red Crescent Society
Emergency Relief (since October 2001)
In Kabul, 10,000 destitute families are being assisted with traditional heaters, charcoal, blankets and plastic sheeting. Similar assistance was provided to schools, clinics and orphanages in the city.
Emergency assistance was provided to 2,182 bomb-affected households in Kabul in November-December 2001. The households received shelter materials such as plastic sheets, 1'815 were provided with glass for their windows and 115 households who had their homes completely destroyed also received food rations to cover their immediate needs.
During October and November 2001, a one-time emergency food distribution was carried out for 7,500 disabled-headed families as well as for 370 most vulnerable families in Kabul.
In Bamyan, 12,500 families were provided with food and non-food items,
In Ghor, distribution of food and non-food items is underway for 75,000 families.
Food and non-food items were recently distributed to over 11,000 families in and around Mazar-i-Sharif, as well as 2,000 internally displaced families in Sar-i-Pul, four hours west of Mazar. Further distributions are underway in the remote mountainous regions south of Mazar-i-Sharif. So far, 10,000 families were assisted in the Aarkupruk and Keshendeh regions.
From the end of November 2001 up to mid-January 2002, the ICRC, during its 142 visits, registered some 5,726 detainees in 76 places of detention under the control of Afghan autorities. Detention facilities in two military camps under US control were visited as well, and their prisoners registered.
The aim of these visits is to assess the conditions of detention and treatment of all persons deprived of liberty in relation with the conflict and to ensure the respect of their basic rights, without any adverse distinction. The appropriate recommandations are addressed to the authorities which are directly in charge and, when appropriate, to those which are in a position to exert an influence on them.
In collaboration with the Afghan Red Crescent Society, the ICRC collected 7,753 Red Cross Messages (RCMs) from civilians and 8,851 from detainees during 2001. In the same year, 6,950 RCMs were distributed to civilians and 5,624 to detainees in Afghanistan.
Regular food assistance continued during 2001 to 5 orphanages in Kabul, benefitting over 2,300 children. Meanwhile, over 8,500 families in Kabul have been assisted with seeds and tools to improve their household economy.
In 2001, seeds, saplings, fertiliser and tools were distributed to farmers in central and northern Afghanistan. 397 irrigation systems were rehabilitated in the same areas under food-for-work programmes.
Water and Habitat
During the recent bombing campaign, Kabul's main water supply networks were damaged and the population faced severe problems of water shortage. Emergency repairs of the 600mm transmission line in Afshar water supply network was conducted, resuming the water supply to an estimated 350'000 people.
Meanwhile, rehabilitation of the electric system of the Karte-Parwan wells was conducted, benefitting 50'000 persons.
Rehabilitation of 250mm and 100mm distribution lines and repairs to the valve chamber in the Microrayon water supply project were carried out, resuming water supply to about 150'000 people.
252 handpumps installed/rehabilitated in 6 Kabul districts since 1996 and benefiting an estimated 80’000 persons are being maintained and repaired. In the same districts, a total of 45’000 latrines were improved.
Between September and December 2001, urgently needed medical supplies worth 600,000.- Swiss Francs were distributed to hospitals and health clinics throughout Afghanistan.
In Kabul, shelter materials, stoves and fuel were distributed to 10 hospitals in Kabul during November-December 2001.
In Kabul, food rations were distributed to some 5,500 medical staff of the Ministry of Public Health as an incentive in November 2001. Food assistance was also delivered to 10 Kabul hospitals to allow meals to be served to over 3,000 patients in October 2001.
The ICRC provides regular assistance to 6 hospitals in Afghanistan (2 in Kabul, Kandahar, Ghazni, Gulbahar and Jalalabad). This assistance consists of medicine, medical instruments and non-medical items such as fuel for generators, soap, and small maintenance work as well as financial incentives for the staff.
In 2001, ICRC-assisted health facilities were providing health services for an average of 3,000 inpatients and 20,000 outpatients each month.
In Bamyan, the surgical hospital is being rehabilitated and re-equipped to cater for 30 inpatients. Parts of a Norwegian field hospital were installed to resume essential services while ICRC finances works to ensure electric supply, the sustainable provision of drinking water and the proper evacuation of waste water.
Emergency Health Kits to treat up to 10,000 patients for 3 months were provided to hospitals in Taloqan and K unduz in December 2001.
The ICRC runs 6 Orthopaedic Centres in Afghanistan.
Since 1988, over 47,000 patients (both amputees and other disabled) have been registered and assisted, of which 5,800 were newly registered in 2001. Approximately 80% of the amputees assisted are victims of mines, and 70% are civilians.
In Kabul in 2001, 304 patients received a micro credit support to start up small businesses. A total of 1,452 patients have benefited from micro credits since 1999.
While 57 patients aged 17-30 are assisted with vocational training, 493 school-aged patients are supported to continue their studies either at school or at home during 2001.
Between 1996 and 2001, 345 patients of the Kabul Orthopaedic Centre were supported to find employment with the ICRC and other organisations.
Currently 275 paraplegic patients in Kabul receive regular visits by a Home Care Team. Medical treatment and educational advice are provided during the visits. Over 2,500 home care visits were made during 2001.
Following the latest bombardments, 120 mine awareness sessions were carried out in 86 locations in central Afghanistan to over 5,400 adults and children attending the sessions.
During 2001, a total of 1,054 victims of mines and UXOs (487 men, 478 boys, 27 women and 62 girls) were interviewed by the ICRC to collect information about their mine accidents. Among those interviewed, civilians comprise 80% while combatants comprise 20%. Approximately 45% are injured by mines and 48% injured by different kinds of UXOs.
Since 1998, the ICRC collected information from some 5,000 mine and UXOR victims. The UN Mine Action Programme for Afghanistan (MAPA) relies largely on mine/UXO data provided by the ICRC.
Co-operation with the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS)
The ARCS , with the support from the ICRC and the Federation, carries out programmes to assist those who are affected by disaster and conflict in different parts of the country. These programmes include vocational training, food-for-work projects, Marastoon (institutional service for destitute families and mentally affected persons), food/non-food distributions, youth activities, tracing and dissemination, mine awareness, first-aid training, etc.
Since the fall of Taliban regime, the ARCS has undergone major institutional changes and now has a new leadership. The ICRC is currently working with the Federation to support the ARCS in its efforts to re-establish itself.