Northern Caucasus and southern Russia: Facts & figures on recent ICRC action (April-May 2002)
09-07-2002 Operational Update No REX 02/612Update No. 19/2002
Since the ICRC issued its objectives and corresponding ‘Plan of Action’ in December 2001, there has been no significant improvement in the situation in Chechnya, or in the northern Caucasus as a whole. However, reconstruction is progressing in Chechnya, but slowly. At this stage, there is no indication of a large-scale return of internally displaced people.
Since the ICRC issued its objectives and corresponding ‘Plan of Action’ in December 2001, there has been no significant improvement in the situation in Chechnya, or in the northern Caucasus as a whole. The security operation continues in Chechnya. Tens of thousands of displaced civilians have spent their third winter away from home -- the majority (150,000) in neighbouring Ingushetia -- and face mounting financial and emotional pressure. Reconstruction is progressing in Chechnya, but slowly. At this stage, there is no indication of a large-scale return of internally displaced people (IDPs).
In April, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, led by the ICRC, provided food and other essential supplies and assistance to some 174,000 IDPs in the northern Caucasus and southern Russia. This assistance included medical drugs and equipment, water, the repair of basic infrastructure, legal advice, psychological counselling, educational items and clothing. In May, the ICRC assisted 164,000 IDPs. In addition, assistance programmes continued for resident populations affected by the situation in Chechnya.
Between February and May 2002, the ICRC’s extensive mine-awareness programme, which targets children and teachers, reached some 14,000 youngsters in Chechnya.
Following an agreement with the Russian government in March 2000, the ICRC has been granted access to all people deprived of their freedom in connection with the situation in Chechnya, wherever they are being held. Since May 2000, the ICRC has made 153 visits (50 in Chechnya) to 48 detention facilities in the Russian Federation (16 in Chechnya). Delegates have visited 2,225 detainees (1,634 in Chechnya).
The ICRC’s 2002 budget for the Moscow regional delegation, which covers activities in the Russian Federation including the northern Caucasus, was set at SFr 53 million (USD 35.5 million / EUR 36.1 million). Over 86 % of this is designated for the response to the humanitarian emergency in the northern Caucasus.
To date, the ICRC has registered donations (pledged and received) to the amount of SFr 14.8 million (USD 9.9 million / EUR 10.1 million) towards this appeal.
Outstanding needs stand at SFr 40.8 million (USD 27.3 million / EUR 27.7 million).