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Afghanistan - ICRC activities, July and August 2002

08-09-2002 Operational Update

Note: The health and orthopedic departments included their figures for the month of July only. No figures available now for the Water & habitat section.

 
 
 
  Page contents:     Emergency Relief    |      Protection    |      Water and Habitat    |      Health    |      Orthopaedic Service    |      Mine Action    |      IHL Promotion    |      Cooperation with the Afghan Red Crescent Society    
 
   
  Emergency Relief    
 

 Since beginning of 2002, the CIRCA has distributed more than 40'000 MT of food and non food and 2'350 MT of seeds and fertilizers to around 1.5 millions of beneficiaries  

    

The second round of food distribution of 2002, started in May, have completed in Ghor province and the Southern parts of Mazar.

 16'284 MT food have already been distributed to 643'170 beneficiaries by end of August. This assistance has enabled the population to fill up the food gap between the last distribution beginning of 2002 and the harvest in summer. This has also permitted the beneficiaries to decrease their household food expenditures and thus limit the subscription of new debt.

In Ghor, food has been distributed to 55'067 families in Pasaband, Taiwara, Tulak, Sharag and Chakcharan.

In total and in the whole province, between May and August, over 741'000 persons, have received ICRC food assistance (13'050 MT of rice, 4'408 MT of split peas, 2'203 MT of ghee, 208 MT of salt).  

In the Northern region distribution to over 52'891 families in Samangan, Balkh and Balkhab province is completed. The second round distribution of 2002 will have reached 80'219 families with 6'029 MT of wheat, 2'012 MT of split peas , 1'087 MT of ghee and 152 MT of salt.  

In Bamyan various Cash for work (CFW) have been completed to maximize the rent ability of the water structures in the province: the rehabilitation of Darwaza dam have benefited to 655 families whereas the intake of spring in Laribuzan village have helped 200 families . 4 other CFW projects, started in July, are still ongoing for 985 families . 25 MT of cement has been distributed and the total amount of CFW is estimated at 6'000 usd .

Still in Bamyan , 10'000 animals have been treated during the last 2 weeks of August against endo and ecto parasites , thus to improve the general health status of the livestock and to increase the animal production ( meat, milk, wool...). The program will continue in September for a planned number of 25'000 animals.  

 Other assistance   :  

 320 disadvantaged students who are attending educational and vocational programs thereby facilitating their social integration and improve their chances of becoming more independent have received their monthly ration in Kabul . The monthly ration is of 2'900 Kgs of wheat grain, 540 Kgs of rice, 200 Kgs of peas and 261 Kgs of ghee.  

 1'000 tents , 40'000 blankets and 14'000 jerrycans were given to UNHCR for their program in favor of the returnees population.

   
  Protection    
 

Between January 2002 and August 2002, the ICRC visited over 6,189 security detainees and prisoners in 78 places of detention under the responsibility of Afghan authorities or United States forces. Of these, some 2,399 were seen and registered for the first time. The total figure includes those prisoners transferred to the US military base at Guantanamo Bay (currently about 590 ).

Some 3,043 released detainees received assistance from the ICRC to return home.

In collaboration with the Afghan Red Crescent Society, the ICRC exchanged 16,434 Red Cross messages (RCMs) between January and August , out of which 8,386 were exchanged with detainees.

   
  Water and Habitat  
 

Not available

   
  Health  
 

The ICRC continues to provide regular assistance to 7 hospitals in Afghanistan (in Kandahar, Ghazni, Gulbahar, Jalalabad, Bamyan and 2 in Kabul). This assistance consists of medicine, medical instruments and nonmedical items such as fuel for generators, soap, and small maintenance work as well as support for staff.

Through delegated projects implemented by national Red Cross societies (Japanese and Finnish), an additional 4 hospitals receive regular assistance including ongoing infrastructure upgrading programmes, provision of medical equipment, staff training and a regular supply of consumable medical and non medical items.

In July 2002, an additional 11 health facilities received assistance with medical supplies.

Overall, the facilities assisted by the programme in July 2002 provided health services to over 6,600 inpatients and over 38,600 outpatients , and performed over 3,750 operations .

   
  Orthopaedic Service 
 

The ICRC runs 6 Orthopaedic Centres in Afghanistan, serving mine victims and other disabled (polio, spinal injuries, cerebral palsy, congenital and acquired deformiti es).

Since 1988, over 51,401  patients (including some 26,891 amputees) have been registered and assisted. Approximately 80% of the amputees assisted are mine victims (70% of them are civilians).

Between January and July , 3,774 patients were newly registered and assisted.

Since 1999, a total of 1,590  patients have benefited from micro credit support to start up small business. Since the beginning of 2002, 138 patients have received a micro credit support.

In 2001, 69  patients aged 17-35 were assisted with vocational training, 622  school-aged patients were supported to continue their studies either at school or at home. Since January 2002, 43 patients for vocational training and 288 for schooling have been newly enrolled.

Since 1996 up to July 2002, 443 patients of the Kabul Orthopaedic Centre were supported to find employment with the ICRC and other organisations, including 81 newly employed between Jan-July , 2002.

About 300 paraplegic patients in K abul continue to receive regular visits by a Home Care Team. Between January and July the ICRC made 1437 visits to patients at home in Kabul. Medical treatment and advice are provided during the visits.

   
  Mine Action  
 

- 475 mine awareness sessions were held in 268 different locations in Bamyan, Kabul, Parwan, Logar and Jalalabad for circa 7'578 adults and 12'631 children, totally 20'209 individuals.

- 130 victims of mine/UXOs including 47 men , 12 women, 16 girls and 55 boys were interviewed, comprise 95.4% civilians to 4.6% combatants.

-240- 28 ammunition reports requesting clearance have been passed over to UN RMACs and Halo TRUST

   
  IHL Promotion 
 

The ICRC signed the agreement on cooperation concerning dissemination of IHL and principles concluded between the ICRC and the Mi nistry of Defense of the ITSA on 17 July 2002. According to the agreement, the ICRC will assist the national efforts in making appropriate IHL and principles known and applied by all members of armed forces.

Five IHL/LOAC sessions were organised for 137 officers of the local military force to receive basic training on the Law of War in Kandahar and Jalalabad. Similar basic training sessions will be held for local armed forces in Kunduz and Herat in coming weeks .

A presentation on ICRC and ICRC relation with the military was given to 150 commanders and staff of French Contingent (incharge of training of Afghan new battalion) in their HQ in Kabul.

A presentation was made regarding ICRC activities to 15 Afghan journalists based on invitation made by Action Media International.

Besides the members of local armed forces, dissemination sessions were held in Kabul, Mazar, Kandahar, Herat and Jalalabad for various target groups like local authorities, teachers, elders, ARCS staff and volunteers and general public.

   
  Cooperation with the Afghan Red Crescent Society (ARCS) 
 

The ARCS , with the support from the ICRC and the --Federation, carries out programmes to assist those who are affected by disaster and conflict in different parts of the country. These programmes include vocational training, food-for-work projects, Marastoon (institutional service for destitute families and mentally affected persons), food/non-food distributions, youth activities, tracing and dissemination, mine awareness, first-aid training, etc.

- 417 benef iciaries were assisted in five Marastoons with food, nonfood, clothes, fuel, etc.,

 - 23 out of 312 Food for Work projects were completed, total beneficiaries circa 8'050 ,

- Vocational Training Programme (VTP), already 200 projects of (2 trainees under the training of one skilled worker) in Kabul , 60 projects in Kapisa, 60 projects in logar , 60 projects in Herat , 20 projects of the same size in Ghor, 20 projects in Badghis, 40 projects in Jalalabad and Laghman provinces have been started. The projects finalized and started covers around 920 trainees who will be trained under the instruction of 460 skilled workers.

1'445 RCMs collected by the ARCS and 1'495 have been sent to ARCS for distribution.