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The Russian Federation: ICRC activities from July to September 2006

30-09-2006 Operational Update

The ICRC continues to carry out a wide-range of activities in the Russian Federation, focusing on restoring family links, providing medical, sanitation and business assistance, offering mine risk education, promoting international humanitarian law (IHL) and supporting the assistance programmes of the Russian Red Cross (RRC).

 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00280    
 
  Grozny. The ICRC visits a woman who received fish-smoking machines for a small business to support family.    
     
 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00210    
 
  Grozny blood bank. A patient gives blood that will be labelled, stocked in bags and tested by centrifuge.    
     
 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00263    
 
  Shali, Kurchaloy hospital. Repair of surgery block lamps by staff specialized in medical equipment and supported by the ICRC.    
     
 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00319    
 
  Malgobek district. Discussion between ICRC employee and local authority near drinking water tanks that serve the village where many refugees from Chechnya live.    
     
 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00313    
 
  Karabulak village. Russian Red Cross youth worker with children in safe play area.    
     
 
 
   
  ©ICRC/B. Heger/ru-e-00345    
 
  Daghestan, Novostroy. Children benefiting from ICRC and Russian Red Cross food assistance.    
      
 
Protection 
 

    

 Restoring family links  

Though it no longer visits detainees, between July and September 2006, the ICRC:

    

  • continued to sponsor yearly family visits to detainees in the Russian Federation – 74 families benefited from this programme;

  • continued offering its Red Cross messages (RCM) service, enabling detainees to be reunited with their families;

  • according to its mandate, pursued bilateral dialogue with the authorities to heighten concern about the issue of missing persons, and to advocate a national mechanism to prevent people from becoming unaccounted for due to conflict.

 
Assistance 
 

    

The ICRC distributes each quarter essential household items to over 60,000 people in Chechnya and to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ingushetia and Daghestan. Between July and September 2006, the ICRC supplied beneficiaries with hygienic kits. It also distributed clothes, shoes and school kits to over 23,000 children for the school year starting 1 September, a period when unemployment is often high in the region.

    

 Microeconomic initiatives  

Shifting from emergency assistance to recovery programs, the ICRC helps economically vulnerable Russians to be self-sufficient by starting small family businesses, and in July-September 2006, it gave equipment to 124 families in Chechnya, 69 in Ingushetia and 36 in Daghestan.

    

 Medical assistance  

The ICRC supports hospitals and blood banks through training and supplies. It has provided equipment and medicines to ten hospitals in Chechnya, one in Ingushetia and one in Daghestan.

Between July and September 2006, the ICRC:

  • supplied some 145 beneficiaries with Insulin as part of an assistance program for diabetics;

  • donated blood analysis materials to the Republican Blood Bank in Grozny;

  • provided medical equipment and instruments to Grozny hospital’s burns unit;

  • regularly supplied the hospitals of Sunjensky Central District, Ingush Republican and Khasavyurt Central with material, medicines, reagents and consumables;

  • continued to give supplies and training to the Grozny Orthopaedic Centre, where 45 prosthetic devices were produced and 15 repaired.

 Water and sanitation  

The ICRC improves living conditions by rehabilitating water supplies, sanitation, and housing and by helping local public utilities to also provide these services.

Between July and September 2006, in Grozny, the pumping station produced 61,800m3 of chlorinated water. At Grozny’s school for visually-impaired children, repairs on the water, sewage and heating system were completed in July. In Aghishty village the repair and extension of the water supply is almost complete. Some 6 km of piping was laid down and two water tanks of 28m3 and 38m3 were installed.

A new roof was laid at the temporary accommodation centre in Chechnya, housing 1,689 displaced persons. In cooperation with the RRC, the ICRC finished repairs in the temporary settlement located in Altiyevo.   In Buratino Collective Centre, a shower/laundry room was repaired, doors and windows replaced, four latrines built and wooden partitions installed. A latrine was constructed at Achkhoi-Martan polyclinic.

 
Mine risk education (MRE) 
 

    

MRE activities seek to help civilians to avoid accidents caused by unexploded mines and weapons. The ICRC promotes creation of safe areas where children can play and practise sports safely.

Between July and September 2006, the ICRC:

  • constructed 11 safe play areas in Kurchaloy, Geldagan, Tazbichi, Itum-Kale, Nozhay-Yurt, Balan-su, Khal-Kiloy, Vashindaroy, Argun, Tangi-chu and Guni villages;

  • made mine action presentations, and supplied drawing sets to schools in the Noviy-Sharoy, Kulari, Assinovskaya and Tangi-chu settlements, as part of the Mine Danger Murals project for children;

  • honoured its agreement with 13 regional newspapers, by preparing publications warning people about mine risk and precautionary measures.

 
Promotion of International humanitarian law (IHL) 
 

Promotion of IHL with the authorities, army and civilians including schools and universities, is a key component of ICRC programs.

    

Between July and September 2006, the ICRC:

  • made a presentation to 26 nurses of the RRC branch in North Ossetia;

  • collaborated with the RRC’s Chechen branch and made three IHL presentations in Chechnya for 69 employees, nurses, and volunteers;

  • held an IHL course in Budennovsk entitled " Senezh-Kavkaz-12 " in which 17 officers of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) participated;

  • held " Senezh-Kavkaz-13 " in Vladikavkaz, in which 25 sergeants and officers of the MoD participated;

  • organized IHL presentations for 150 soldiers in Chechnya, and Peacekeeping regiment 503 of the Ministry of Defence in Troitskaya;

  • made IHL presentations In Nalchik and Krasnodar for 440 soldiers;

  • made six presentations to 230 soldiers, conducted at Police Training Centres in Chechnya, North Ossetia, Stavropol Kray, and Kabardino-Balkaria (where posters and literature were handed out).

 
Cooperation with the Russian Red Cross (RRC) 
 

In September the ICRC supported forty-two people from the nine RRC branches of the northern Caucasus who participated in First Aid training in Nalchik. It also supports some assistance programs of RRC branches in the Southern Federal District of Russia (Krasnodar and Stavropol regions, Kalmykia, Adygea, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Daghestan, Kabardino-Balkaria and North Ossetia).

 Home Visiting Nurses Program (HVNP)  

Twice a year, the ICRC supports the HVNP by distributing food parcels and hygienic kits through the RRC in the region, where 218 RRC nurses provide services to 3,000 elderly persons. Between July and September 2006, the ICRC provided the Chechen RRC with 875 food parcels and hygienic kits.

Also in this period the ICRC supported:

  • 900 children attending 11 playrooms in ten temporary accommodation centres in Grozny, where they learn and play under the supervision of psychologists and teachers;

  • over 60 teenagers who regularly visit the RRC recreational centre in Grozny, attending computer, French and handcraft classes, as well as participating in sports;

  • 504 children of IDPs attending playrooms in three settlements of Ingushetia by giving them a rucksack and school kit. Concerts and shows were also organized;

  • over 200 teenagers who regularly visit the RRC’s Nazran recreational centre attending computer and English classes, doing sports and visiting the library;

  • five youth football teams who participated in the " Play by the rules! " championship held in Nazran, awarding gifts and T-shirts to players;

  • eleven student teams participating in a football competition held in Khasavyurt.