International Review of the Red Cross, 2006, No. 861 – International criminal tribunals
The present issue of the International Review of the Red Cross looks at the different international and internationalized criminal tribunals and courts set up since the creation of the two ad hoc Tribunals by the UN Security Council, and inquires into the broader objectives of international criminal law.
Issue No. 861 - 2006
Theme: International criminal tribunals
Table of contents
Editorial - IRRC March 2006 No 861
Interview with Philippe Kirsch, President of the International Criminal Court
Judge Philippe Kirsch (Canada) is president of the International Criminal Court in The Hague and is assigned to its Appeals Division. He is a member of the bar of the province of Quebec and was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1988.
Measuring the impact of punishment and forgiveness: a framework for evaluating transitional justice
The mechanisms of transitional justice have gradually become a vector of globalization, seeking to stabilize, pacify and reassure entire populations. These mechanisms can play a crucial role in societies torn apart by the violence of conflict, but they must contribute effectively to the will of the local actors to take their destiny into their own hands by devising political and institutional safeguards to prevent a repeat of mass crimes.
International and internationalized criminal tribunals: a synopsis
Robin Geiss, Noëmie Bulinckx
The object of this synopsis is to study the variety of specific criminal justice systems and to sketch out the differences and similarities between existing international and internationalized criminal tribunals.
The relationship between international humanitarian law and the international criminal tribunals
Hortensia D.T. Gutierrez Posse
Responsibility for prosecuting the perpetrators of war crimes falls first and foremost to the states, but if they do not wish or are not in a position to do so, practice has led to the establishment of international criminal tribunals.
On cooperation by states not party to the International Criminal Court
This article offers to explore the obligation of non-party states to co-operate under international law, the prospects of their co-operation and the legal consequences of non-co-operation.
An overview of the international criminal jurisdictions operating in Africa
Jamie A. Williamson
The experiences of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda , the Special Court for Sierra Leone, and the International Criminal Court, have shown that despite being the continent where most of these crimes have been committed in the past couple of decades, Africa is also a continent clearly devoted to furthering accountability for such atrocities.
International criminal justice: tightening up the rules of the game
This article outlines recent developments within international criminal justice institutions, with a particular focus on the limits that have been imposed on new international courts, which impact on the discretionary power of international prosecutors.
Responsibility for war crimes before national courts in Croatia
The article analyses problems with which the Republic of Croatia, as a country in transition, has to contend during war crimes proceedings.
Humanitarian organizations and international criminal tribunals, or trying to square the circle
Anne-Marie La Rosa
The fact that international criminal tribunals have become operational has undoubtedly changed the face of the global humanitarian environment. Humanitarian organizations face a very difficult dilemma: on the one hand they cannot ignore the important role of international criminal prosecution, while on the other they are reluctant to put their operations in the field at risk by being seen to co-operate in judicial proceedings. Furthermore, a categorical refusal to co-operate could lead to their being compelled to testify.
Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem
Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference on the adoption of the Third Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem.
National implementation of international humanitarian law – Biannual update, July to December 2005
Biannual update on national legislation and case law, July–December 2005
Books and articles
Recent acquisitions of the Library & Research Service, ICRC