International Review of the Red Cross, 2007, No. 865 – Humanitarian actors
Multiple humanitarian actors with different objectives, principles and modi operandi intervene in situations of armed conflict and internal violence in order to alleviate the plight of the victims: governmental and non-governmental organisations, international organisations, National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and private companies, among others. The diversity of actors and approaches can help to alleviate suffering if they manage to act in a complementary fashion, on the basis of their respective operational abilities. This edition explores the distinctive characteristics of the diverse actors and the need to build and nurture an effective partnership among them.
Issue No. 865 - 2007
Theme: Humanitarian actors
Table of contents
Editorial - IRRC March 2007 No 865
Interview with Ms Fatima Gailani, President of the Afghan Red Crescent Society
Fatima Gailani has been serving as the president of the Afghan Red Crescent Society since 2004. She is the daughter of Pir Sayed Ahmed Gailani, the leader of the National Islamic Front of Afghanistan who fought against the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s.
Non-governmental organizations: an indispensable player of humanitarian aid
The article discusses the significance of the private not for profit dimension of the humanitarian landscape. Concerning NGOs, the author argues that faced with a transnational environment, a growing demand for accountability and difficult choices to make, they must be more humanitarian in the approach they take.
Dunant’s pyramid: thoughts on the "humanitarian space"
This article uses the metaphor of a pyramid to portray what constitutes humanitarian action. Whereas humanity forms the aim at the tip and international humanitarian law the basis, the sides are the principles of impartiality, neutrality and independence, which make the humanitarian endeavour possible.
The ICRC: a unique humanitarian protagonist
David P. Forsythe
The International Committee of the Red Cross, as a unique and respected humanitarian actor, has changed considerably since the 1970s. It has carved out an enduring place for neutral humanitarianism in conflicts, but one that is not free from controversies and challenges.
The ICRC delegate: an exceptional humanitarian player?
Brigitte Troyon, Daniel Palmieri
"What is an ICRC delegate?" Highlighting the extraordinary and singular nature of this humanitarian player from an insider and a public point of view, the authors attempt to give the reader the key to unveil and discover this peculiar profession.
Beyond the Red Cross: the protection of independent humanitarian organizations and their staff in international humanitarian law
This article examines the international legal protection currently available to independent humanitarian organisations and considers whether there is scope for improvement of both the content of this framework and respect for the same.
In search of symbiosis: the Security Council in the humanitarian domain
The author draws the attention to the political nature of the Security Council, as well as the omissions and inconsistencies in its decisions on the provision of impartial assistance to victims of armed conflicts. This should not be forgotten, when assuming the task of protecting individuals.
The 29th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, Geneva, 20–22 June 2006: challenges and outcome
Commentary on the Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III)
National implementation of international humanitarian law – Biannual update, July to December 2006
Biannual update on national legislation and case law - July–December 2006
Books and articles
Recent acquisitions of the Library & Research Service