The ICRC in Sudan
The ICRC’s priorities in Sudan are to ensure that people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence receive emergency aid and enjoy the protection to which they are entitled under international humanitarian law (IHL). The ICRC provides water, food, shelter and medical care, and re-establishes contact between people separated by fighting.
The ICRC started working in Sudan in 1978. Since 2003, the organization has been responding to needs arising from the hostilities in Darfur, where ethnic violence over resources and sporadic military clashes continue to displace and harm civilians. Few of the several hundred thousand people displaced since conflict broke out in 2003 have been able to return home.
Against this background, the ICRC's priorities are: enhancing the protection of civilians, delivering emergency relief goods and preserving livelihoods – by supplying household items, tools and seed – ensuring access to clean water, facilitating the provision of medical care in areas affected by armed conflict, supporting physical rehabilitation services, reuniting family members separated by violence and promoting respect for IHL.
In Darfur, the ICRC improves the lives of thousands of people through an integrated programme of agricultural, veterinary, water and health projects, often conducted with Sudanese partners. It carries out quick-impact livelihood-support projects to help farmers and nomads alike regain self-sufficiency, reducing their need to move to urban areas where people risk becoming aid-dependent. The ICRC also supports seven health clinics in Darfur.
The Sudanese Red Crescent Society (SRCS) remains the ICRC's primary partner in Sudan. The two organizations co-operate in delivering relief aid to populations affected by fighting, restoring family links and promoting IHL and humanitarian principles. The ICRC technically supports the SRCS in building its capacity in emergency preparedness and response, restoring family links as well as in communicating humanitarian principles.
The ICRC supports six physical rehabilitation centres in Sudan, which provide rehabilitation services for people with disabilities.
The ICRC also carries out international humanitarian law (IHL) training programmes with the Sudanese Armed Forces and the Central Reserve Police and facilitates the release and handover of detainees held by armed groups in Darfur to government authorities.
The ICRC’s operation in Sudan is firmly focused on protecting and assisting victims of armed conflict or other situations of violence. It facilitates coordination within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and maintains contact with the UN and other agencies in the field to maximize the impact of humanitarian work.