1. Constitutional structure and position of IHL in domestic law
Azerbaijan is a democratic, secular and unitary State. Under its Constitution, adopted by referendum on 12 November 1995, the President of the Republic concludes international treaties and submits them to the parliament for ratification. International treaties to which Azerbaijan is a party constitute an integral part of its legal system (Art. 148, para. 2 of the Constitution). In the event of a conflict between national legislation and international treaties to which Azerbaijan is a party, the latter applies. This rule does not, however, concern the Constitution and other acts adopted by referendum (Art. 151 of the Constitution).
Article 7, para. 2 of the Constitution furthermore stipulates that the sovereign power of the Republic of Azerbaijan is limited by legal rules in respect of domestic issues and in respect of external issues only by the provisions of international treaties.
Azerbaijan adhered to the four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 on 1 June 1993.
2. Implementing institutions
A Commission was established in order to implement the provisions of the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict.