||3 April 2009
The Defence Legislation (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2009 (No. 18, 2009) was published on 3 April 2009. The Amendment inserts into the Geneva Conventions Act 1957 (mainly Part IV — Abuse of the Red Cross and other emblems, signs, signals, identity cards, insignia and uniforms, paragraph 15) the appropriate reference required to add the emblem of a red frame in the shape of a square on edge on a white ground (also known as the red crystal) as an additional distinctive emblem granting protection under international humanitarian law. The law was adopted as a means of implementing the Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III), adopted by the Diplomatic Conference of States Parties to the Geneva Conventions on 8 December 2005. The 2009 amendments, currently attached to the Geneva Conventions Act as a note, shall enter into force one month after Australia ratifies Additional Protocol III.