1. Constitutional structure and position of IHL in domestic law
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria consists of 48 wilayat (provinces). The most recent constitution dates back to 1996.
The President is the head of State. He is the Supreme Commander of the Republic’s armed forces and is responsible for national defence. He presides over the Council of Ministers and nominates the head of government. The President concludes and ratifies international treaties. Once ratified by the President, international treaties are superior to domestic law.
The legislative branch consists of a bicameral Parliament.
The judicial branch, which consists of a system of judicial and administrative courts and tribunals, is independent. The highest judicial authorities are the Supreme Court and the Council of State, and a Court of Conflicts that settles conflicts of jurisdiction between the latter.
On 20 June 1960, Algeria’s provisional government deposited an instrument of accession to the four 1949 Geneva Conventions, which entered into force on 20 December 1960. Algeria became independent on 3 July 1962.
Algeria ratified Additional Protocols I and II on 16 August 1989, and accepted the competence of the International Fact-Finding Commission under Article 90 of Additional Protocol I on the same date.
2. Implementing institution
Algeria does not have a national committee on international humanitarian law.
Loi 02-03 of 10 April 2002
Published in Journal Officiel N° 76 du 8 décembre 1996, modifié par la loi 02-03 du 10 avril 2002, Journal Officiel N° 25 du 14
Attachment + link
Link to official website : http://www.conseilconstitutionnel-dz.org/Francais/indexFR.htm