ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
  • Print page

The instrument of ratification contained the following understandings (original in English language):

"a) The application of Protocol I, particularly Articles 1(4), 4 and 96(3) shall not affect the legal status of the Parties to the conflict, nor the legal status of the concerned territory; as such, no claim of status of belligerency may be invoked therefrom;
b) The application of Protocol I may in no case be invoked in internal armed conflicts within sovereign States;
c) The terms “armed conflict” and “conflict” do not include the commission of ordinary crimes, whether collective or isolated."
12.12.1977

30.03.2012

30.03.2012