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Chapter I: Qualification of enemy civilian (enemy alien) - Art. 1.
    Article 1.- Enemy civilians in the sense of the present Convention are persons fulfilling the two following conditions:

    a) that of not belonging to the land, maritime or air armed forces of the belligerents, as defined by international law, and in particular by Articles 1, 2 and 3 of the Regulations attached to the Fourth Hague Convention, of October 18, 1907, concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land;

    b) that of being the national of an enemy country in the territory of a belligerent, or in a territory occupied by the latter.


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