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Violations of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions and of Additional Protocol II
    Article 4

    Violations of Article 3 common to the Geneva
    Conventions and of Additional Protocol II

    The International Tribunal for Rwanda shall have the power to prosecute persons committing or ordering to be committed serious violations of Article 3 common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 for the Protection of War Victims, and of Additional Protocol II thereto of 8 June 1977. These violations shall include, but shall not be limited to:

    (a) Violence to life, health and physical or mental well-being of persons, in particular murder as well as cruel treatment such as torture, mutilation or any form of corporal punishment;

    (b) Collective punishments;

    (c) Taking of hostages;

    (d) Acts of terrorism;

    (e) Outrages upon personal dignity, in particular humiliating and degrading treatment, rape, enforced prostitution and any form of indecent assault;

    (f) Pillage;

    (g) The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples;

    (h) Threats to commit any of the foregoing acts.


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