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Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989.
The instrument of ratification by Algeria is accompanied by the following interpretative declarations:
1. Article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2
The provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of article 14 shall be interpreted by the Algerian Government in compliance with the basic foundations of the Algerian legal system, in particular:
- With the Constitution, which stipulates in its article 2 that Islam is the State religion and in its article 35 that there shall be not infringement of the inviolability of the freedom of conviction and the inviolability of the freedom of opinion;
- With Law No. 84-11 of 9 June 1984, comprising the family Code, which stipulates that a child's education is to take place in accordance with the religion of its father.
2. Articles 13, 16 and 17
Articles 13, 16 and 17 shall be applied while taking account of the interest of the child and the need to safeguard its physical and mental integrity. In this framework, the Algerian Government shall interpret the provisions of these articles while taking account of:
- The provisions of the Penal Code, in particular those sections relating to breaches of public order, to public decency and to the incitement of minors to immorality and debauchery;
- The provisions of Law No. 90-07 of 3 April 1990, comprising the Information Code, and particularly its article 24 stipulating that "the director of a publication destined for children must be assisted by an educational advisory body";
- Article 26 of the same Code, which provides that "national and foreign periodical and specialized publications, whatever their nature of purpose, must not contain any illustration, narrative, information or insertion contrary to Islamic morality, national values or human rights or advocate racism, fanaticism and treason... Further, such publications must contain no publicity or advertising that may promote violence and delinquency."
In accordance with its article 49 (2), the Convention entered into force for the States concerned on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit of the respective instruments, i.e., for New Zealand on 6 May 1993, for the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya on 15 May 1993, for Algeria on 16 May 1993 and for the Federated States of Micronesia on 4 June 1993.
Ratification / Accession
Reservation / Declaration