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Chapter III : Neutral persons - Art. 17.
    Art. 17 A neutral cannot avail himself of his neutrality
    (a) If he commits hostile acts against a belligerent;
    (b) If he commits acts in favor of a belligerent, particularly if he voluntarily enlists in the ranks of the armed force of one of the parties.
    In such a case, the neutral shall not be more severly treated by the belligerent as against whom he has abandoned his neutrality than a national of the other belligerent State could be for the same act.

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