Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
. -- ACCESSION
Accession is the method by which any Power which has not signed the Convention may become party to it.
No limitation or condition is imposed except that the Convention must have already entered into force. The invitation is addressed to all States, whether or not they are parties to one of the earlier Conventions. The Geneva Conventions, which draw their strength from their universality, are treaties open to all (1).
[p.622] Accession is exactly the same in its effects as ratification, to which it is equivalent in all respects.
An accession can, however, place take only after the entry into force of the Convention, that is to say, six months after the first two instruments of ratification have been deposited. The Convention has thus been open to accession since October 21, 1950.
Notes: (1) [(2) p.621] The Geneva Convention of 1906 did not yet
possess this characteristic in the same degree. (See
Article 32 of that Convention.);