Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
. -- NOTIFICATION OF ACCESSIONS
Contrary to former practice, accession today works on the same principles as ratification. Thus accessions to the Fourth Convention will take effect six months after the date on which they are received by the Swiss Federal Council which, in this case also, is named as depositary and has the task of communicating accessions to the other Powers.
Article 156 does not state, as Article 152
did for ratifications, that the Federal Council must draw up a record of the deposit of each accession, nor that it must transmit a copy of that record to the other Powers. In practice, however, there is no reason why the formalities should not be the same for accessions as for ratifications.
If reservations are made on accession, they will be treated in the same way as reservations on ratification (1).
Notes: (1) [(2) p.622] See commentary on Article 152;