ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 8 June 1977.
' The High Contracting Parties, '
' Recalling ' that the humanitarian principles enshrined in Article 3
common to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, constitute the foundation of respect for the human person in cases of armed conflict not of an international character,
' Recalling ' furthermore that international instruments relating to human rights offer a basic protection to the human person,
' Emphasizing ' the need to ensure a better protection for the victims of those armed conflicts,
' Recalling ' that, in cases not covered by the law in force, the human person remains under the protection of the principles of humanity and the dictates of the public conscience,
' Have agreed ' on the following:
Commentary of 1987