ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties and Documents
1949 Conventions and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Declaration concerning the Laws of Naval War. London, 26 February 1909.
Chapter III : Unneutral service - Art. 46.
Art. 46. A neutral vessel will be condemned and, in a general way, receive the same treatment as would be applicable to her if she were an enemy merchant vessel:
(1) if she takes a direct part in the hostilities;
(2) if she is under the orders or control of an agent placed on board by the enemy Government;
(3) if she is in the exclusive employment of the enemy Government;
(4) if she is exclusively engaged at the time either in the transport of enemy troops or in the transmission of intelligence in the interest of the enemy.
In the cases covered by the present Article, goods belonging to the owner of the vessel are likewise liable to condemnation.