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Rules concerning the Control of Wireless Telegraphy in Time of War and Air Warfare. Drafted by a Commission of Jurists at the Hague, December 1922 - February 1923.
Part II: Rules of Air Warfare#Chapter V: On Military Authority over enemy and neutral aircraft and persons on board. - Art. 38.
Art. 38. When the rules of Articles 36
provide that the members of the crew and the passengers may be made prisoners of war, it must be understood that, if they do not belong to the armed forces, they are entitled to a treatment which shall not be less favourable than that which is granted to prisoners of war.