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Convention on the Rights of the Child, 20 November 1989.
"In applying paragraph (c) of article 37 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, Japan reserves the right not to be bound by the provisions in its second sentence, that is, "every child deprived of liberty shall be separated from adults unless it is considered in the child's best interest not to do so", considering the fact that in Japan as regards persons deprived of liberty, those who are below twenty years of age are to be generally separated from those who are of twenty years of age and over under its national law."
Declarations: 1. The Government of Japan declares that paragraph 1 of article 9 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child be interpreted not to apply to a case where a child is separated from his or her parents as a result of deportation in accordance with its immigration law. 2. The Government of Japan declares further that the obligation to deal with the application to enter or leave a State Party for the purpose of family re-unification to "in a positive humane and expeditious manner" provided for in paragraph 1 of article 10 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child be interpreted not to affect the outcome of such applications."
SOURCE: Multilateral Treaties deposited with the Secretary-General, Status as at 31 December 1994, United Nations, New York, pp. 196 and 197.
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