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Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.
The instrument of ratification contained the following understandings (original in English language):
"a) The application of Protocol I, particularly Articles 1(4), 4 and 96(3) shall not affect the legal status of the Parties to the conflict, nor the legal status of the concerned territory; as such, no claim of status of belligerency may be invoked therefrom;
b) The application of Protocol I may in no case be invoked in internal armed conflicts within sovereign States;
c) The terms “armed conflict” and “conflict” do not include the commission of ordinary crimes, whether collective or isolated."
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