ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION [1]
RESERVATION / DECLARATION [2]
  11/25/1879
  07/21/1866
08/22/1864 12/16/1864
  06/30/1866
08/22/1864 10/14/1864
  10/16/1879
  04/30/1906
  03/01/1884
  11/15/1879
  06/29/1904
  06/07/1906
  12/27/1888
  06/25/1907
08/22/1864 12/15/1864
  06/25/1907
  08/03/1907
  12/30/1874
08/22/1864 09/22/1864
  06/12/1906
  01/05/1865
01/17/1865
  03/24/1903
  06/24/1907
08/22/1864 06/22/1866
  05/09/1868
  05/16/1898
  12/05/1874
08/22/1864 12/04/1864
  06/06/1886
  01/08/1903
  10/05/1888
  03/09/1895
  04/25/1905
  11/29/1875
08/22/1864 11/29/1864
  05/16/1898
  12/13/1864
  09/28/1897
  07/24/1907
  05/31/1907
  04/22/1880
08/22/1864 08/09/1866
08/22/1864 01/04/1865
  11/18/1874
11/30/1874
  05/10/1867
05/22/1867
  10/25/1866
  03/24/1876
  09/30/1896
08/22/1864 12/05/1864
  12/13/1864
08/22/1864 10/01/1864
  06/29/1895
  07/05/1865
  02/18/1865
  03/01/1882
  05/03/1900
  07/09/1894
08/22/1864 06/02/1866
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).
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