ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION [1]
RESERVATION / DECLARATION [2]
  05/25/1937
  03/03/1937
  04/01/1937
  12/23/1936
  12/31/1937
  03/01/1937
  07/07/1937
  09/14/1937
  04/21/1937
  06/23/1937
  11/24/1937
  06/26/1937
  03/06/1973
  02/18/1937
  11/23/1936
  01/11/1937
  09/08/1938
  01/23/1937
  03/16/1937
  12/08/1937
  12/27/1937
  01/21/1939
  03/07/1938
  01/27/1938
  01/03/1938
  01/27/1937
  09/30/1937
  05/21/1937
  02/26/1937
  06/03/1937
  07/21/1937
  12/27/1936
  06/11/1937
  04/19/1937
  09/14/1937
  02/15/1937
  05/22/1937
  01/12/1938
  07/07/1971
  07/07/1937
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).
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