ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION [1]
RESERVATION / DECLARATION [2]
  10/22/1985
  12/19/1991
  10/25/1988
  03/20/1987
  05/15/2002
05/31/1978 09/07/1984
  01/17/1990
  10/03/1979
05/18/1977 06/07/1988
05/18/1977 07/12/1982
06/10/1977 06/30/1986
11/09/1977 10/12/1984
05/18/1977 05/31/1978
  10/03/1979
  04/18/2011
05/18/1977 06/11/1981
  04/26/1994
  06/08/2005
  02/07/1996
09/23/1977 04/10/1978
10/07/1977 04/12/1978
  02/22/1993
  11/08/1984
05/18/1977 04/19/1978
  11/09/1992
  04/01/1982
  04/14/2011
05/18/1977 05/12/1978
05/18/1977 05/24/1983
03/21/1978 06/22/1978
  08/23/1983
  03/21/1988
  08/16/2010
05/18/1977 04/19/1978
12/15/1977 12/15/1978
05/18/1977 12/16/1982
05/18/1977 11/27/1981
  06/09/1982
  04/25/2005
  01/02/1980
  06/15/2015
04/13/1978 10/05/1978
  04/16/2002
  10/05/1978
  12/09/1992
05/18/1977 05/19/1978
05/18/1977 04/15/1983
  09/07/1984
08/11/1977 09/06/2007
  02/17/1993
05/18/1977 02/15/1979
  02/27/1986
  05/13/2003
  10/28/1980
05/18/1977 06/08/1978
  12/02/1986
05/18/1977 05/06/1983
05/18/1977 05/30/1978
  05/27/1993
  04/27/1999
  10/05/1979
  05/28/1993
  04/20/2005
  06/19/1981
05/18/1977 07/19/1978
06/08/1977 04/25/1978
  04/27/1984
  08/05/1988
  10/12/1999
05/11/1978 05/11/1978
05/18/1977 06/13/1978
05/18/1977 05/16/1978
05/18/1977 01/17/1980
  09/16/1993
  05/26/1993
  08/26/1980
05/18/1977 07/20/1977
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).
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