ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION [1]
RESERVATION / DECLARATION [2]
07/21/1978 01/11/2008
07/16/1978 05/03/1982
03/05/1984 09/21/1984
07/19/1978 06/08/1987
02/26/2004 04/16/2004
  09/09/1988
03/20/1979 07/13/1979
03/31/1978 06/21/1978
  02/19/2003
  06/16/1982
  06/12/2007
12/24/2003 07/09/2009
06/08/1978 08/21/1978
02/10/1978 05/22/2003
  01/21/1983
07/19/1985 06/09/1982
  05/11/2005
03/17/2004 11/15/2005
  09/25/1978
11/08/1979 09/16/1980
02/10/1978 06/24/1986
03/13/1978 06/01/1979
02/08/1978 01/08/1982
  10/15/1979
11/13/1978 08/26/1978
07/16/1978 05/05/1987
07/19/1985 06/04/1984
05/30/1979 03/22/1985
04/14/1982 02/15/1983
  02/14/1992
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).
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