ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
     
STATES PARTIES
SIGNATURE
RATIFICATION / ACCESSION [1]
RESERVATION / DECLARATION [2]
  12/04/1997
  07/10/1992
12/13/1990 05/28/1997
  05/31/2002
12/21/1990 01/26/1996
  09/20/2001
  03/27/2000
  02/09/2007
  07/08/1993
  06/08/1995
  07/18/2003
  04/01/2008
02/05/1990 08/21/1995
  09/16/2005
  09/22/2000
07/17/1990 09/11/1991
  04/12/2002
  02/09/1998
  09/22/2004
  03/23/2007
  03/26/1999
  02/28/2006
  04/14/1997
  06/09/1999
03/12/2001 01/14/2016
  03/12/1990
02/27/1990 08/10/1990
  10/23/2008
  02/25/1991
  09/18/1996
09/21/1990 09/13/1993
11/20/1990 07/14/1999
  01/19/1998
  11/12/2013
     
1) Ratification : a treaty is generally open for signature for a certain time following the conference which has adopted it. However, a signature is not binding on a State unless it has been endorsed by ratification. The time limits having elapsed, the Conventions and the Protocols are no longer open for signature. The States which have not signed them may at any time accede or, in the appropriate circumstances, succeed to them.
Accession : instead of signing and then ratifying a treaty, a State may become party to it by the single act called accession.

2) Reservation / Declaration : unilateral statement, however phrased or named, made by a State when ratifying, acceding or succeeding to a treaty, whereby it purports to exclude or to modify the legal effect of certain provisions of the treaty in their application to that State (provided that such reservations are not incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty).
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