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Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field (Lieber Code). 24 April 1863.
Section X : Insurrection -- Civil war -- Rebellion - Art. 151.
Art. 151. The term rebellion is applied to an insurrection of large extent, and is usually a war between the legitimate government of a country and portions of provinces of the same who seek to throw off their allegiance to it and set up a government of their own.